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Saturday, November 11, 2017

Reasoning Quiz: Data Sufficiency & Statement & Assumptions


Hello and welcome to exampundit. Here is a set of Analytical Reasoning Quiz for upcoming Bank Exams.

DIRECTIONS (Qs. 1-5) : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer
(a) if only Assumption I is implicit.
(b) if only Assumption II is implicit.
(c) if either Assumption I or Assumption II is implicit.
(d) if neither Assumption I nor Assumption II is implicit.
(e) if both the Assumptions I and II are implicit.


1. Statement: The government has decided to provide monetary relief to the farmers in the drought hit areas.
Assumptions:
I. The farmers of the affected areas may accept the government relief.
II. The government machinery may be able to reach the affected farmers to provide relief.


2. Statement: All the students of a school were instructed by the Principal to reach school at least 15 minutes before the stipulated time for the coming month.
Assumptions:
I. The parents of the students of the school may protest against the Principal’s instruction.
II. The parents may request the Principal to withdraw the instruction.


3. Statement: Railway authority has started Internet booking facility of long-distance trains and also delivering the tickets at the doorstep through courier service at a little extra cost.
Assumptions:
I. Many customers may now book their tickets through internet, resulting into less crowd at ticket booking offices.
II. Most of the customers may still buy their railway tickets at the booking counters


4. Statement: “If you have obtained 75 per cent or more marks in X Std examination, your admission to our coaching class for XII Std is guaranteed”, An advertisement.
Assumptions:
I. Bright students do not generally opt for attending coaching classes.
II. The coaching class has adequate capacity to accommodate all such students.


5. Statement: The municipal corporation has given permission for holding fun fairs in the local football ground during the holiday season.
Assumptions:
I. The local residents may protest against the corporation’s decision.
II. Many people may not participate in the fun fair

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DIRECTIONS (Qs. 6-10) : Each of the questions below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided is the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Read both the statements and Give answer
(a) if the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
(b) if the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
(c) if the data either in statement I alone or statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.
(d) if the data given in both the statements I and II even together are not sufficient to answer the question; and
(e) if the data in both the statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.


6. Who among M, N, P, T and R is the youngest?
I. N and T are younger than P.
II. M is older than R and P.


7. How many children are there in the row?
I. Manoj is twelfth from the left end and fourth to the left of Hari in that row.
II. Hari is eighth from the right end of that row.


8. How is ‘red’ written in a code language?
I. ‘red and blue’ is written as ‘ho po da’ in that code language.
II. ‘spread red carpet’ is written as ‘na da ka’ in that code language.


9. Village R is towards which direction of village M ?
I. Village M is to the West of Village T, which is to the South of Village R.
II. Village M is to the South of Village B, which is to the West of Village R.


10. How many sisters does D have?
I. D’s mother has four children.
II. K and T are brothers of E.



Answers:

1. (e) If the government has made a plan to provide relief to the farmers, it must be assuming that the plan can be executed. The objective can’t be fulfilled without I and II. Hence, both I and II are implicit.

2. (d) The principal must be assuming that the students will abide by the instruction. Note that if a person instructs someone or a group of persons, the former assumes that the latter will abide by it. Hence, both I and II are not implicit.

3. (a) The initiative taken by the railway authority has been aimed at making the service-customer friendly. Hence, I is implicit. II may nor may not be an assumption. Hence, II is not implicit.

4. (b) From the advertisement, it is obvious the advertiser must be assuming II. Hence, II is implicit. I goes rather against the statement. Hence, I is not implicit.

5. (d) The step taken by municipal corporation has been aimed at good entertainment for the local residents during the holidays. The municipal corporation must be assuming that local residents may participate in the fun fair with great fanfare. Since I and II go against the abvoe assumption both I and II are not implicit.

6. (d) I alone is not sufficient as it lacks the details of R and M. II alone is not sufficient as it lacks details of N and T. Even both I and II together are not sufficient because the comparative details of N, T and R are still lacking

7. (e) From both I and II, Total number of children in the row = 12 + 4 + 8 – 1 = 23. Hence both I and II together are sufficient.

8. (e) Codes of the words are not necessarily in the same order as the words are. Hence neither I alone nor II alone is sufficient to answer the question. Again, from I and II we get that the code for ‘red’ is ‘da’.

9. (c)



10. (d) From I, we do not get information regarding the number of brothers or sisters of D. Hence, I alone is not sufficient. II lacks information regarding D. Hence, II alone is not sufficient. Using both the statements together, we do not get the information regarding the gender of E. Nor is there any connection between the two statements. Hence, both statements even together are not sufficient.









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