Reasoning Quiz for Upcoming IBPS Exams - Set 30 | Analytical Reasoning




Hello and welcome to exampundit. Here is a set of Analytical Reasoning Quiz for Upcoming IBPS Bank Exams. The following set of questions are moderate level.


DIRECTIONS (Qs. 1-4) : Read the following information and five statements given below it carefully and answer the questions which follow:

Exodus from rural areas to the urban hubs in search of job opportunities has now declined to nearly twenty-six percent of what it was at the turn of 21st century.
(A) Since the last decade, the rural economy has transformed itself into a bankable, profit making and commercially viable venture.
(B) Job opportunities differ in urban and rural areas.
(C) The load on infrastructure and resources in the urban areas which had remained unmanageable for a long time has been eased a little since the last decade.
(D) This trend of reverse migration which was seen only in developed countries till now has entered the scenes of developing nations as well.
(E) According to a recent report more than eighty percent of the professionals having roots in rural areas prefer to work in urban cities rahter than their home villages.

1. Which of the statements numbered (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) mentioned above represents an effect of the given information most appropriately ?
(a) B (b) C
(c) D (d) C
(e) Either D or E
2. Which of the statements numbered (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) mentioned above represents a cause of the given information most appropriately ?
(a) E (b) D
(c) C (d) B
(e) A

3. Which of the statements numbered (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) mentioned above represents an assumption most appropriately ? (An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted)
(a) A (b) B
(c) C (d) Both A and C
(e) D


4. Which of the statements numbered (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) mentioned above would weaken / contradict the facts presented in the paragraph ?
(a) A (b) B
(c) C (d) D
(e) E

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Question below is followed by three arguments numbered I, II and III. You have to decide which of the argument(s) is/are “strong” and indicate your answer accordingly.

5. Should the Government restrict use of electricity for each household depending upon the requirement?
Arguments :
I. Yes, this will help government tide over the problem of inadequate generation of electricity.
II. No, every citizen has right to consume electricity as per their requirement as they pay for using electricity.
III. No, the Government does not have the machinery to put such a restriction on use of electricity.
(a) Only I is strong
(b) Only II is strong
(c) Only I and II are strong
(d) Only II and III are strong
(e) All I, II and III are strong


6. Statement: Many patients suffering from malaria were administered anti-malarial drug for a week. Some of them did not respond to the traditional drug and their condition deteriorated after four days.
Which of the following would weaken the findings mentioned in the above statement?
(a) Those patients who responded to the traditional drugs and recovered were needed to be given additional doses as they reported relapse of symptoms.
(b) The mosquitoes carrying malaria are found to be resistant to traditional malarial drugs.
(c) Majority of the patients suffering from malaria responded well to the traditional malarial drugs and recovered from the illness.
(d) Many drug companies have stopped manufacturing traditional malarial drugs.
(e) None of these


7. Statement: The cost of manufacturing cars in state A is thirty per cent less than the cost of manufacturing cars in state B. Even after transportation fee for the differential distances of states A and B and the interstate taxes, it is cheaper to manufacture cars in state B than state A for selling these cars in State C.
Which of the following supports the conclusion drawn in the above statement?
(a) The cost of transportation from state A to state C is more than thirty per cent of the production cost.
(b) The production costs of cars in state B are lower in comparison to state A.
(c) Only Entry tax at state C is more for the products originated in state A
(d) Entry tax at state C is more for the products originated in state B
(e) The total of transportation cost of cars from state B to state C and entry tax of cars at state C is less than thirty per cent of the production cost of cars in state B.



8. Statement : Many people are of the opinion that use of cell phones in offices for personal use should totally be banned. It has been found in a research study that there was significant drop in output of employees in the organisation where use of cell phones was liberally allowed vis-a-vis those organizations where use of cell phones are banned for making personal calls.
Which of the following contradicts the findings in the above statement?
(a) People spend more time on talking while using cell phone for personal calls.
(b) Use of cell phones has become common in all the organizations.
(c) In the organization where employees were allowed to use cell phones for making personal calls the employees are found to be more motivated to carry out their duties than those working in other organizations.
(d) Many organizations who provide cell phones to their employees for making official calls advise them to refrain from making personal calls during office hours
(e) None of these

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Answers:
1. (b) Statement (C) is the effect.
2. (e) Statement (A) is the cause.
3. (e) Statement (D) is an assumption.
4. (e) Statement (E) contradicts the facts stated in the paragraph.
5. (c) Shortage of electricity can only lee faced with saving in electricity. So argument I seems to be strong. Argument II is also strong because every citizen is paying every single unit of electricity so he/she has right to consume it. Argument III seems to be weak because government can earily manage restricted use of electricity.
6. (c) Statement (c) would weaken the findings that some of the patients did not respond to the traditional drug meant for malria.
7. (e) Data given is conclusion (e) is in favour of findings given in the statement.
8. (c) Statement (c) is just opposites of findings given in statement because the organisations where employees are allowed to use cell phones their work-efficiency is reduced considerably















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