English Quiz for Upcoming Bank Exams 2017 - Set 11


Hello and welcome to exampundit. Here is a set of English Quiz for the upcoming Bank PO Exams 2017.


Directions (Q. 1-15): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

‘Water scarcity looms large in the state.’ This headline is enough to disturb people who have yet to forget the days when taps flowed for an hour every second day and long queues in front of public hydrants needed police presence to maintain order. But then, it was a fact that in Rajasthan, drinking water had to be transported by train last year. And hasn’t someone predicted that the next war will be fought not over oil but for water?

What comes like a heavenly blessing in this sombre setting is the hope ignited by watershed management effort in Madhya Pradesh. And the charm of it is that no aid or know-how had to be imported. It was just robust commonsense along with unstinted public participation that made the difference. The Deendayal Research Institute, in collaboration with the District Rural Development Agency, Majhgawan (Satna), took up an area of 12,536 hectares and formed 17 microwatershed schemes to tackle low productivity, lack of irrigation, a receding water table, shortage of drinking water, high soil erosion, etc. The ‘watershed area’ — the area over which rainwater collects — was taken as a unit. Contour trenching and bunding check the flow of water. Trenches are excavated and bunds erected (with the soil taken out) to check the free flow of the water. This prevents soil erosion while plenty of percolated water raises its sub-soil level

The vision of water management programmes is as simple as they can be. Instead of tanks or dams, water is kept where nature keeps it — underground. Thus, there is no loss due to evaporation. The old philosophy of ‘water should not be allowed to run, it should walk’ has been replaced by the new one which states that ‘water should creep and, ultimately, come to a halt’. The whole point is to ensure that not a single drop is allowed to flow more than 10 metres above the surface. The paradoxical scenario will be of dry streams and unfilled tanks in the rainy season. Instead, the water that seeps in, reappears in wells, tube-wells, pond and stop-dams later when and where wanted. This strategy is the result of a calculated comparison of costs. An assessment was made of the amount of water saved and the expense incurred in each of the approaches available in the village of Dantha in Khandwa district. The cost of water secured through contour trenches, earthen checks, etc worked out to just 4 paise per litre. The system is so watertight that even if it rains up to 10 centimetres a day — double the average daily downpour at Cherapunji, one of the heaviest rain receivers in the world — not a drop of water will flow down the drain. The result is a water surplus even in conditions of low rainfall — which was the case during the last three years.


1. Why does the headline ‘Water scarcity looms large in the state’ disturb the people of Rajasthan?
1) because people of Rajasthan are not familiar with water crisis on a big scale
2) because water is a very precious commodity for the people of Rajasthan
3) because the people of Rajasthan have faced the nightmarish experience of water crisis
4) because Rajasthan has to buy water from other states to overcome water crisis
5) None of these


2. What does the passage imply when it says that the next war will be fought not over oil but for water?
1) There is more stock of oil than water in the world.
2) Oil will lose its importance in near future.
3) Water is more precious for mankind than oil and man can go to any extent to get it.
4) Water is such a dynamic commodity that it can be used in place of oil but the same does not apply with oil.
5) None of these


3. What happens when water is stored in tanks or dams instead of keeping it underground?
1) Owing to overuse, it does not last long.
2) It takes higher maintenance cost as compared to underground water.
3) The naturalness of water gradually wanes.
4) It generates war-like situation among the people over its use.
5) None of these


4. The philosophy ‘Water should creep and, ultimately, come to a halt’ is meant for
1) water harvesting and its storage.
2) the mismanagement of water.
3) the looming water crisis.
4) the abundant use of water.
5) the evergreen scarcity of water.


5. How is the flow of water checked in a watershed area?
1) by collecting the rain water
2) Trenches are dug and borders raised so that the water does not go outside.
3) Irrigation from the watershed area makes free flow of water impossible as there is no surplus water.
4) In watershed area water is allowed to creep and not run, so there is no free flow of water.
5) None of these


6. How does watershed scheme check soil erosion?
1) by hardening the soil
2) by raising the level of the soil
3) by saving the trees and bushes from getting uprooted
4) by checking the free flow of water which contains soil with it
5) None of these


7. Following watershed management will lead to a scene of dry streams and unfilled tanks in the rainy season. This means that
1) large quantity of water has sunk beneath the surface of the earth.
2) large quantity of water has evaporated.
3) large quantity of water has flown outside.
4) there will be a water crisis in the near future.
5) water has become a scarce commodity.






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8. Which of the following seems to be false in the context of the passage?
1) Bunding along with digging helps in checking the flow of water.
2) There have been successful efforts of watershed management in Rajasthan.
3) Public participation is necessary in watershed management.
4) Watershed management is a cost-effective scheme.
5) None of these


9. What message does the author want to convey through this passage?
1) There is no dearth of water in our country.
2) Rajasthan can borrow the surplus water from Madhya Pradesh.
3) Water scarcity is a man-made phenomenon.
4) With the help of appropriate strategy and people’s participation water scarcity can be overcome.
5) None of these


Directions (Q. 10-12): Choose the word which is the same in meaning as the word given in bold as used in the passage.
10. LOOMS
1) appears 2) depends 3) assumes
4) remains 5) surrounds


11. SOMBRE
1) diverse 2) tight 3) gloomy
4) reverse 5) hard


12. EXCAVATED
1) built 2) drawn 3) furnished
4) surrounded 5) dug


Directions (Q. 13-15): Choose the word which is opposite in meaning of the word given in bold as used in the passage.

13. UNSTINTED
1) certain 2) conditional 3) mandatory
4) limited 5) blind


14. RECEDING
1) increasing 2) flying 3) floating
4) driving 5) proportionate



15. SURPLUS
1) flow 2) worsening 3) deterioration
4) scarcity 5) depletion














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