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Thursday, June 01, 2017

SSC CGL 2017 - General Knowledge Quiz - Set 1

Hello and welcome to exampundit. Here is a set of General Knowledge Quiz for SSC CGL 2017 Tier I. Please let us know if you are happy with the contents.


1. On which of the following Governor General was impeachment imposed ?
(A) Warren Hastings
(B) Lord Clive
(C) Lord Cornwallis
(D) Lord wellesley

2. Structural Unemployment arises due to –
(A) Deflationary conditions
(B) Heavy Industry Bias
(C) Shortage of raw material
(D) Inadequate productive capacity

3. The sub-unit of DNA is known as – DNA
(A) Nucleotide
(B) Nucleosome
(C) Nucleoside
(D) Polypeptide

4. Saline and alkaline soils in India are also called as –
(A) Regur  
(B) Bangar
(C) Kallar  
(D) Khadar

5. Debenture holders of company are its –
(A) Share holders
(B) Creditors
(C) Debtors
(D) Directors

6. Iodized salt is beneficial for –
(A) lowering of blood pressure
(B) prevention of dehydration
(C) thyroid function
(D) salivary glands

7. Ramsar Convention is related to the preservation of which of the following ?
(A) Weltands
(B) Forest lands
(C) Mines
(D) Carbon Emission

8. Article 25 of the Indian Constitution is related to –
(A) The right to equality
(B) The right to property
(C) The right to religion
(D) The security of the minorities

9. A speculator who sells stocks for gain, in order to buy back when price falls, is called –
(A) Bull
(B) Bear
(C) Boar
(D) Bison  

10. The 'Ratha Temple's in Mahabalipuram were built by ?
(A) The Cholas
(B) The Pallavas
(C) The Chedis
(D) The Chalukyas

11. "The Bermuda Triangle" is located in the –
(A) North–Western Altantic Ocean
(B) South-Eastern Altantic
(C) North Pacific Ocean
(D) South Indian Ocean

12. After which of the following movements was Gandhiji given the title 'Mahatma' ?
(A) Champaran Movement
(B) Rowlatt Act
(C) Non-Cooperation Movement
(D) Quit - India Movement

13. The demand for necessities is –
(A) perfectly inelastic
(B) inelastic
(C) perfectly elastic
(D) elastic

14. 'Chilgoza' is obtained from the seeds of a species of ?
(A) Pine
(B) Palm
(C) Cycus
(D) Deodar

15. Bones are pneumatic in –
(A) Fishes
(B) Amphibians
(C) Reptiles
(D) Birds

16. The smallest unit of length is –
(A) Micron
(B) Nanometre
(C) Angstrom
(D) Fermimetre

17. The radio-isotope used to detect blood clots in the circulatory system is –
(A) Arsenic-74
(B) Cobalt-60
(C) I-131
(D) Sodium-24

18. Which enzyme converts proteins into peptides ?
(A) Pepsin
(B) Trypsin
(C) Erepsin
(D) Enterokinase

19. Stagflation refers to a situation which is characterised by –
(A) deflation and rising unemployment
(B) inflation and rising employment
(C) inflation and rising unemployment
(D) stagnant employment and deflation

20. Which of the following high dignitaries, who is not a member of the Parliament, has the right to address it?
(A) The Attorney General of India
(B) The Solicitor General of India
(C) The Chief Election Commissioner of India
(D) The Chief Justice of India

Answers & Explanations:

1. (A) Warren Hastings (1772-1785) Administrative reforms : End of the dual systems; shifting of treasury from Murshidabad to Calcutta. Revenue reforms : Collection of revenue was taken over by the Company. Judicial reforms : Zamindars were given judicial powers; establishment of civil and criminal courts in each district. Social reforms : In 1781, he founded the Calcutta Madrasa for promotion of Islamic studies. This was the first educational institute established by the Company’s government. Impeachment : Warren Hastings tendered his resignation in protest against the Pitts India Bill in 1785.

2. (D) Structural unemployment is caused because of inadequate productive capacity of the economy to create jobs for all those able and willing to work.

3. (A) Each DNA molecule is a long two stranded chain. The strands are made up of subunits called nucleotides, each containing a sugar (deoxyribose), a phosphate group, and one of four nitrogenous bases, adenine, guanine, thymine, and cytosine, denoted A, G, T, and C, respectively.

4. (C) Soils in many parts of the arid and semi-arid areas of Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, Bihar have saline and alkaline effervescences mainly of sodium, calcium and magnesium. These soils are called Reh or Kallar or Usar and are infertile. The salts are usually confined to the upper layers and soil can be reclaimed by improving drainage.

5. (B) A person having the debentures is called a debenture holder whereas a person holding the shares is called a shareholder. Debentures are generally secured and carry a charge on the assets of the company, whereas shares have no such charge. The debenture holder, being a secured creditor of the company, is paid-off prior to a shareholder in the event of winding up of a company.

6. (C) Iodized salt (also spelled iodised salt) is table salt mixed with a minute amount of various salts of the element iodine. The ingestion of iodide prevents iodine deficiency. Worldwide, iodine deficiency affects about two billion people and is the leading preventable cause of mental retardation. Deficiency also causes thyroid gland problems, including “endemic goitre.”

7. (A) The Ramsar Convent ion is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands. It is also known as the Convention on Wetlands. It is named after the city of Ramsar in Iran, where the Convention was signed in 1971.

8. (C) Article 25 Of the Indian Constitution deals with the Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion. According to this right, every person is equally permitted to enjoy the freedom of conscience and the right to acknowledge, practice and spread religion.
9. (B) A bear is a speculator who is wary of fall in prices and hence sells securities so that he may buy them at a cheaper price in future. He does not have securities at present but sells them at higher prices in anticipation that he will supply them business purchasing at lower prices in the future. If the prices move down as per the expectations of the bear he will earn profits out of these transactions.
10. (B) The city of Mahaba l ipuram was largely developed by the Pallava king Narasimhavarman I in the 7th century AD.

11. (A) The Bermuda Triangle, also known as the Devil’s Triangle, is a loosely defined region in the western part of the North Atlantic Ocean, where a number of aircraft and ships is said to have disappeared under mysterious circumstances.
12. (A)
13. (A) In economics a necessity good is a type of normal good. Like any other normal good, when income rises, demand rises. But the increase for a necessity good is less than proportional to the rise in income, so the proportion of expenditure on these goods falls as income rises. This observation for goods is known as Engel’s law. The income elasticity of a necessity good is thus between zero and one. Necessity goods are goods that we cannot live without and will not likely cut back on even when times are tough, for example food, power, water and gas. The more necessary a good is, the lower the price elasticity of demand, as people will attempt to buy it no matter the price.

14. (A) Chilgoza is obtained from Pinus gerardiana, known as the Chilgoza Pine. Chilgoza is one of the most important cash crops of tribal people residing in the Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh, which seems to be the only place in India where Chilgoza pines are found.

15. (D) Birds have remarkably specialized bones that are pneumatic, because they are full of air sacs that provide a continuous flow of breath throughout their bodies. In short, their lungs are essentially hooked up to their bones.

16. (D) The femtometre  is an SI unit of length equal to 1015 metres. This distance can also be called a fermi and was so named in honour of physicist Enrico Fermi, as it is a typical length-scale of nuclear physics.

17. (D) A small amount of the low activity radioactive compound (called tracer) is either injected into the body of a person or given orally .This radioactive compound moves through the body and accumulates in the area of tumor, blood clot, etc. The exact position of the accumulated radioactive tracer can be found with the help of a device called Geiger counter. Arsenic- 74 tracer is used to detect the presence of tumors and sodium-24 tracer is used to detect the presence of blood clots.

18. (D) In the process of digestion in humans, proteins in the food are broken down into smaller peptide chains by digestive enzymes such as pepsin, trypsin, chymotrypsin and elastase and into amino acids by various enzymes such as carboxypeptidase, aminopeptidase and dipeptidase.

19. (C) A condition of slow economic growth and relatively high unemployment – economic stagnation – accompanied by rising prices, or inflation, or inflation and a decline in Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Stagflation is an economic problem defined in equal parts by it’s rarity and by the lack of consensus among academics on how exactly it comes to a pass.

20. (A) The Attorney General is the first law officer of the government of India and acts as top advocate for Union Government.  He is responsible for giving advice to President / Government of India upon such legal matters and to perform such other duties of legal character which are assigned to him by the President. The Attorney general has the right of audience in all courts within the territory of India. He has also the right to speak and take part in proceedings of both the houses of the Parliament including joint sittings. However, he cannot vote in the Parliament. The incumbent Attorney General of India is Mukul Rohatgi.



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