English Quiz for Upcoming Bank Exams 2017 - Set 4


Hello and welcome to exampundit. Here is a set of English Quiz for Upcoming Bank Exams 2017.


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Directions (Q. 1-10) : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions. Certain words/phrases have been given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

The Rajya Sabha is set to take a vital step to create a pan-Indian market for goods and services. It will clear the Bill to amend the Constitution that empowers states to tax services and the Centre to tax goods up to the retail stage. This will also enable the setting up of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) Council with a wide mandate. The government should be commended for reaching out to the Opposition and forging a consensus on GST in the Upper House where it lacks the numbers. The task has been arduous. But it has shown flexibility on contentious issues. The new tax system can be rolled out in April next year if the Centre and the states firm up the tax rates and transact the legal changes needed to make the shift. First, the Constitution Amendment Bill has to be ratified by at least half the states. As India will have a dual GST — central GST and state GST — Parliament and state legislatures have to enact the law on GST too. The empowered committee (EC) will work out the new tax design. The goal should be to have a flawless GST that makes production efficient, lowers retail prices and makes our exports competitive. A combined rate of about 18% makes sense as it would be less than half the current incidence of cascading indirect taxes on goods. Exemptions should be minimal. Convergence to a lower rate has been the rule in indirect taxes broadly since 1998. Unfortunately, there have been instances of the government breaking the rule by bestowing concessional duties or exemptions to certain sectors. The spirit of simplification, the guiding path of indirect tax reform, must be retained. Only then can ‘Make in India by making one India’ become a reality. GST has been widely debated, but the common man does not know that India is close to signing a free-trade agreement with itself. Many industrialists are in the dark about the nature of the new tax and its benefits. This should change. The government must launch a campaign to educate people, and also the industry that would have to deal with two separate agencies for tax collection.

Former EC chairman engaged with India Inc ahead of the value added tax (VAT). The panel came out with a lucid primer on GST, a brainchild of the UPA. His successor continued with the good work. Malaysia, for example, faced glitches when it rolled out GST on April 1, 2015, which is well documented. There were reportedly complaints about retailers mischarging customers, errors in tax invoices, confusion over the tax treatment of some goods and services, leading to anti-GST street protests. Inconsistencies were deliberated among friends, colleagues and on social media. In many cases, these were directly reported to the respective authorities that found itself facing public complaints. India’s tax administration simply can’t cope if it’s besieged with consumer complaints. Confusion over tax treatment of goods and services cannot be ruled out, if there is haggling over items to be exempted or to retain inefficient taxes. So, public attention to detail will matter when GST is enforced. A ‘Chai Pe Charcha’ is a good way to demystify GST. The success of GST would also hinge on the robustness of the IT infrastructure. The good news is the GST Network (GSTN), a special purpose vehicle set up to provide the IT infrastructure systems and services to the administration and the taxpayers, is ready with key functions such as registration, returns and payment. The EC must quickly approve the GST design to enable the service provider to implement the system. The central and the state tax administration must be familiarised with the IT infrastructure. They should be up-to-date with the GST Act — which will replace the Central Excise Act, Service Tax Law and State VAT Act — that will spell out the tax rates, thresholds, the way to register, file returns and make payments. All this requires intensive training.

A model GST law is already in the public domain. However, it is riddled with flaws that will jack up compliance costs. The EC should fix the flaws and finalise the law, holding extensive consultations with industry. Malaysia’s experience showed larger and better organised businesses managed a smooth transition to GST. Smaller and less organised businesses, besides lacking the financial resources to access professional help, faced particular problems of their own. Some small business owners transferred operations to newly incorporated entities ahead of the deadline for GST registration. Most of this, experts said, was done in fear that patchy bookkeeping, common with businesses operating on a cash basis, could turn up problems during GST registration or random audits. Many traders in India are known to dodge taxes. Pressure from them had forced former finance minister to defer VAT in 2003. His successor introduced the new levy in 2005. It worked well and boosted revenues for states. An integrated countrywide market for goods and services is a reform overdue now to raise India’s tax collections far above the measly 16% of GDP.


1. How can ‘Make in India’ become a reality ?
1) Make in India can become a reality by the indirect tax reforms.
2) It can become a reality by preparing for implementation of indirect tax reforms.
3) It can become a reality by retaining the spirit of facilitation and the guiding path of indirect tax amelioration.
4) It can become a reality by introducing place of destination-based tax from the current origin-based tax.
5) It can become a reality by raising concerns over the possible dilution of the fiscal powers and potential encroachment of tax base by the Central Government.


2. According to the passage would a consumer have to pay a higher GST ?
A. Nothing can be said with certainty.
B. Yes, the consumer have to pay a higher GST.
C. No, a consumer would not have to pay a higher GST.
1) Only A
2) Only B
3) Only C
4) Only A and B
5) Only B and C


3. Which of the following statements is TRUE in the context of the passage ?
A. India is signing a free-trade agreement with itself.
B. Many traders in India are known to dodge taxes.
C. The central and the state tax administration are interloper and venerable with the IT infrastructure.
1) Only A and B
2) Only B
3) Only C
4) Only B and C
5) All A, B and C


4. How should the law be finalised by the Empowered Committee ?
1) By holding vast counsel with industry.
2) None of these
3) By informing the right appeal.
4) By cascading indirect taxes on goods.
5) By administering the tax payers in industry.


5. Which of the following statements is/are NOT TRUE in the context of the passage ?
(A) The Pan–Indian market for goods and services will not allow the Bill to amend the Constitution a empowers that states to tax services and Centre to tax goods upto retail stage.
(B) The government should be commended for reaching out to the Opposition and forging a consensus on GST.
(C) The public attention to detail will matter when GST is executed.
1) Only A
2) Only B
3) Only B
4) Only B and C
5) All A, B and C


Directions (Q. 6-8) : Choose the word which is MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the word/group of words printed in bold as used in the passage.

6. Exempted
1) Prevented 2) Hindered 3) Enforced 4) Restricted 5) Absolved

7. Besieged
1) Fastened 2) Deflected 3) Encompassed 4) Clenched 5) Repelled

8. Patchy
1) Irregular 2) Thorough 3) Absolute 4) Integral 5) Consistent


Directions (Q. 9-10) : Choose the word which is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
9. Demystify
1) Demonstrate 2) Prove 3) Simplify 4) Expound 5) Interpret


10. Dodge

1) Artifice 2) Ditch 3) Gimmick 4) Knack 5) Comply


Answers:

  1. 3
  2. 3
  3. 1
  4. 2
  5. 1
  6. 5
  7. 3
  8. 1
  9. 2
  10. 5


Winner: Akshita - 7.5/10









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