SBI PO Mains 2017: English Quiz based on New Pattern - 8

Hello and welcome to exampundit. Here is a set of English Quiz for SBI PO Mains 2017. This can also be used for NICL AO Mains 2017.


Directions for questions 1 to 5: Each of these questions has a paragraph from which the last sentence has been deleted. From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

1. Based on the information we have it is difficult to predict how migration numbers will change with the impacts of warming. Given the scale of uncertainties, most reported numbers are good guesses. Perhaps more people will move to other rural and urban areas with an increase in droughts, fall in agricultural yield, water shortage, and floods. People will be vulnerable to many effects: globalisation, water shortage, famine, poverty and so on. _________
(a) Seasonal migration during floods or droughts may intensify and then become permanent.
(b) They will experience them simultaneously and respond to them based on how these impinge on their daily lives.
(c) Migration of people is not a good trend.
(d) Fewer people will migrate if there are no droughts or floods.

2. Until a hundred years ago as humans we had a simple, uncomplicated biological connect. It was a straight-forward equation: we drew roughly 3000 calories each of energy out of Earth for our food and life’s sustenance. Today that number per capita has grown to 100,000 calories. We still need only 3000 calories each to nourish life itself. _________
(a) All the rest of this energy is what we extract from Earth for everything else besides keeping ourselves alive.
(b) In some countries, like the US, this per capita number runs at over 200,000 calories.
(c) But average Indian consumes much more calories than that.
(d) But life today has become much more complicated so we consume more energy than what we need for sustenance.

3. Much like Big Tobacco once did with nicotine, the soda industry and high-fructose corn syrup producers of America have maintained a ridiculous state of flat-out denial about the links between soda consumption and obesity. “Sodas don’t make you fat,” they insist. Meanwhile, as Americans guzzle down insanely large quantities of soda and liquid sugar with each passing year, rates of obesity and diabetes continue to steadily climb. _________
(a) There are 2 million people in America who are suffering from diabetes.
(b) Surely diet must have something to do with it, right?
(c) Obesity has become a major problem in the entire world.
(d) Soda consumption and obesity are very strongly linked whether companies accept it or not.

4. To develop an understanding of the system under investigation, scientists build real-world models and make predictions with them. The models are tentative at first, but over time they are revised and refined, and can lead the community to novel problem solutions. _________
(a) Hence the community improves.
(b) Some scientists even develop incorrect models
(c) These solutions then help in coming the community forward.
(d) Models, thus, play a big role in the creative thinking processes of scientists.

5. In a certain type of supernova, the detonation starts with a flame ball buried deep inside a white dwarf. The flame ball is much lighter than its surroundings
(a) Hence it does not detonate.
(b) in some other supernova the process is somewhat different.
(c) so it rises rapidly making a plume topped with an accelerating smoke ring.
(d) The energy produced is much more than generated by a nuclear fission

Answers & Explanations:

1.b Previous sentence of the paragraph gives a good clue about the next sentence. As in this sentence the author mentions various events which might impact extent of migration, in the next line the impact of these events should be explained. Hence the answer is ‘b’.

2.a As the paragraph is not restricted to any particular country as such, options ‘b’ and ‘c’ can be easily ruled out. Option ’d’ does not mention anything about where rest of the calories go, hence ‘a’ is the right answer.

3.b The author’s attitude gives a good idea about the answer. He uses words like ‘ridiculous’, ‘guzzle’, which obviously shows that he vehemently wants to stress on the role these products play in the obesity of American people. The paragraph should also end on the same note which is option ‘b’. Option ‘a’ merely gives the number, option ‘c’ is beyond the scope as the author is mainly concerned about the extent of the problem in America. Option ‘d’ is a very superfluous statement as it only restates which has been already stated.

4.d The main emphasis of the paragraph here is to study how models are developed and how they play a role in development of community.

5.c Since the previous part of the sentence stresses on its quality of being light, the next part should continue with the same idea.



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