SBI PO Mains 2017: English Quiz based on New Pattern - 6



Hello and welcome to exampundit. Here is a set of English Quiz for SBI PO Mains 2017 based on the new pattern and the difficulty level is difficult.

Each of the following questions has a paragraph from which the last sentence has been deleted. From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.


1. I am sometimes attacked for imposing ‘rules‘. Nothing could be further from the truth. I hate rules. All I do is report on how consumers react to different stimuli. I may say to a copywriter, —Research shows that commercials with celebrities are below average in persuading people to buy products. Are you sure you want to use a celebrity? Call that a rule? Or I may say to an art director, —Research suggests that if you set the copy in black type on a white background, more people will read it than if you set it in white type on a black background.“
1. Guidance based on applied research can hardly qualify as ‘rules‘.
2. Thus, all my so called ‘rules‘ are rooted in applied research.
3. A suggestion perhaps, but scarcely a rule.
4. Such principles are unavoidable if one wants to be systematic about consumer behavior.
5. Fundamentally it is about consumer behavior œ not about celebrities or type settings




2. Relations between the factory and the dealer are distant and usually strained as the factory tries to force cars on the dealers to smooth out production. Relations between the dealer and the customer are equally strained because dealers continuously adjust prices œ make deals œ to adjust demand with supply while maximizing profits. This becomes a system marked by a lack of long-term commitment on either side, which maximizes feelings of mistrust. In order to maximize their bargaining positions, everyone holds back information œ the dealer about the product and the consumer about his true desires.
1. As a result, “deal making‘ becomes rampant, without concern for customer satisfaction.
2. As a result, inefficiencies creep into the supply chain.
3. As a result, everyone treats the other as an adversary, rather than as an ally.
4. As a result, fundamental innovations are becoming scarce in the automobile industry.
5. As a result, everyone loses in the long run.





3. In the evolving world order, the comparative advantage of the United States lies in its military force. Diplomacy and international law have always been regarded as annoying encumbrances, unless they can be used to advantage against an enemy. Every active player in world affairs professes to seek only peace and to prefer negotiation to violence and coercion.
1. However, diplomacy has often been used as a mask by nations which intended to use force.
2. However, when the veil is lifted, we commonly see that diplomacy is understood as a disguise for the rule of force.
3. However, history has shown that many of these nations do not practice what they profess.
4. However, history tells us that peace is professed by those who intend to use violence.
5. However, when unmasked, such nations reveal a penchant for the use of force.




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4. Age has a curvilinear relationship with the exploitation of opportunity. Initially, age will increase the likelihood that a person will exploit an entrepreneurial opportunity because people gather much of the knowledge necessary to exploit opportunities over the course of their lives, and because age provides credibility in transmitting that information to others. However, as people become older, their willingness to bear risks declines, their opportunity costs rise, and they become less receptive to new information.
1. As a result, people transmit more information rather than experiment with new ideas as they reach an advanced age.
2. As a result, people are reluctant to experiment with new ideas as they reach an advanced age.
3. As a result, only people with lower opportunity costs exploit opportunity when they reach an advanced age.
4. As a result, people become reluctant to exploit entrepreneurial opportunities when they reach an advanced age.
5. As a result, people depend on credibility rather than on novelty as they reach an advanced age.





5. We can usefully think of theoretical models as maps, which help us navigate unfamiliar territory. The most accurate map that it is possible to construct would be of no practical use whatsoever, for it would be an exact replica, on exactly the same scale, of the place where we were. Good maps pull out the most important features and throw away a huge amount of much less valuable information. Of course, maps can be bad as well as good œ witness the attempts by medieval Europe to produce a map of the world. In the same way, a bad theory, no matter how impressive it may seem in principle, does little or nothing to help us understand a problem.
1. But good theories, just like good maps, are invaluable, even if they are simplified.
2. But good theories, just like good maps, will never represent unfamiliar concepts in detail.
3. But good theories, just like good maps, need to balance detail and feasibility of representation.
4. But good theories, just like good maps, are accurate only at a certain level of abstraction.
5. But good theories, just like good maps, are useful in the hands of a user who knows their limitations.




Explanations:

1. The author tries to defend himself by saying that he never imposes rules. He gives as a couple of examples of his suggestions and questions whether a person would call it a „rule‟. As the passage is defensive in tone choice 3 is the most appropriate which says that he gives only suggestions. Choice (3)

2. The passage explains the kind of differences that exist between the components in the supply chain, (ie. production to distribution to consumer). The nature of the differences result in a system lacking commitment on the part of the components, and lacking transparency. The para is best closed with the option that points to the logical result of such a situation – that is provided in choice 5 'everyone loses in the long run'. Choice 1 is inappropriate since, in 'deal-making', the customer would have his own satisfaction in mind. Choice 2 brings in circumstances that would follow in continuation. Choice 3 brings in a thought contrary to to tone of the paragraph Choice 4 is not relevant to the content of the paragraph. Choice (5)

3. All the choices provided seem to follow from the last line of the passage. However, since the statement indicates what is professed, the contradiction would be in the intentions behind that – best expressed in choice (2). In addition, choice 2 is the only sentence that corresponds to the singular “every active player” – all the other sentences use plurals. Choice (2)

4. The relationship between a person‟s age and his likelihood of exploiting new opportunities is presented in the passage. When people gain more knowledge and experience they try to exploit new opportunities. However, as they grow even older they try to avoid risks and become less receptive to new ideas. Hence at an advanced age, a person becomes reluctant to exploit new opportunities as he wants to avoid risks. Choice 2 can be eliminated as it categorically states that they are reluctant to „experiment with new ideas‟. Since the context is of „entrepreneurial opportunity‟ choice 4 becomes better as the concluding line. Choice 1 can be ruled out because the focus of the passage is on exploitation of opportunity whereas this option talks of „transmit more information‟ and „experiment with new ideas‟. Choice 3 says people with lower opportunity cost exploit opportunity when they became old whereas the passage says that „as people become older ……. Less receptive to new information‟. Choice 5 introduces a new concept of „credibility‟ which is inappropriate in the concluding line. Choice (4)


5. The passage compares maps with theories. Good maps give only the „most important features‟ and leave out less valuable information. So too are good theories. Choice 2 categorically states that good theories „will never represent unfamiliar concepts‟ whereas a concept being familiar or unfamiliar depends on a person‟s knowledge. Choice 3 can be ruled out because the passage does not talk of balancing details with feasibility of representation. Choice 4 cannot be he answer because maps don‟t have to become abstract to be accurate. Choice 5 is not the answer because the para has not mentioned a user so far. Choice (1)







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