SBI PO Prelims: Comprehension Test - Set 4


Hello and welcome to exampundit. Here is a set of Comprehension Test for SBI PO Prelims 2017

Questions {1-10}: Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

There are various sector in India that needed to be assessed where the strength, weakness, opportunities and threats. The total population is of over 1 billion which will increases to 1.46 billion by 2035 to cross China. The huge populations will result in higher unemployment and deterioration of quality. Literacy, also a worsening factor in India is yet another factor to be discussed. According to 1991 census, 64.8% of Population was illiterate and male ratio holds 75.3 and female rate is of 53.7%. The literacy level in Rajasthan is very poor and even that has been crossed by Bihar in the recent trend. The major downtrend of education is due to the employment of child labor which is spread all over India and this should be totally eradicated by the way of surveillance and a good educational system must be implemented properly by the Government. Pollution is one more threat to the environment, for the countries prospects. This has been experienced more in urban areas mainly in metropolitan cities. The water pollution by the sewage seepage into the ground water and improper maintenance will lead to various diseases which in turn can affect the next generation. In most of the cities there is no proper sewage disposal. The Government has to take effective steps to control population which, in turn, will minimize the pollution. Poverty questions the entire strengths of India’s political view and minimizes the energetic way of approach. The shortfall of rains, enormous floods, unexpected famine, drought, earthquake and the recent tsunami hit the country in a negative way. The proactive approach through effective Research and Analytical study helps us to determine the effects in advance and proper allocation of funds is a prerequisite. In developed countries like US, Japan precautionary methods are adopted to overcome this, but it has to be improved a lot in our systems. Increased population is one of the major reasons for poverty and the Government is unable to allocate the basic needs to the society. India, has an estimated population of over 1 billion people with nearly 400 million people living below the poverty line and 90% of active population is in informal economy. The children are forced to become a child labor due to their poverty, differential caste system and untouchables are still customary in some of the states in India. They are working in match industry for daily wages, as servants, mechanics, stone breakers, agricultural workers etc. To prevent child labor, existing laws which favors the Anti-Child Labor Act should be implemented by the Government vigorously. More population will result in cheap cost by virtue of the demand supply concept. Most of the foreign countries try to utilize this factor by outsourcing their business in India with a very low capital. According to US, India is a “Knowledge pool” with cheap labor. The major advantage is our Communication and Technical skill which is adaptable to any environment. The cutting edge skill in IT of our professionals will help the outsourcing companies to commensurate with the needs of the consumers in a short span. The major competitors for India are from China and Philippines and by the way of an effective communication and expert technical ability, Indians are ahead the race. The major Metropolitan states are targeting vigorously in the outsourcing field by giving various amenities to the outsourcing companies like Tax concession, allotting of land etc., to start their businesses in its cities without any hurdles. Thereby most of the MNCs preferred India as their destinations and capitalize the resources to maximize their assets. Infrastructure is another key factor for outsourcing company to start a business in the particular city. It includes road, rail, ports, power and water. The increased input in infrastructure in India is very limited where China’s record is excellent. India in earlier days gave more importance for the development of Industry and less importance to other departments. But the scenario has quite changed now-a-days by allocating a special budget of funds for the security. This is because of the frightening increase in terrorism all around the world especially emerging after the 9/11 terror attack in US. In the last ten years, budget towards the development of military forces is higher when compared to others. It shows that the threat from our neighboring countries is escalating. India has to concentrate more on this security factor to wipe out the problem in the way of cross-border terrorism. Making India, a developed country in 2020 is not an easy task. India has to keep in check the Population, corruption and pollution and will have to improve the infrastructure. It must also improve social structure and invest more on security. To quote China as an example is that they demolished an old building to construct a very big port to meet future demands, but India is still waiting for things to happen. India in the recent past has improved a lot in the foreign exchange reserves, outsourcing business and in exports too. The profits gained are to be spent for the development of the welfare of the country. Most of the foreign companies are ready to do business in India because of the individual prowess of manpower which will give fast, quality output in a short span. India’s vision for a brighter path will come true not only by mere words or speech, but extra effort needed at all levels to overcome the pitfalls.

Q 01. Which of the following, according to the author, is/are a result(s) of increased population in India?
A. Pollution
B. Poverty
C. Unemployment
 (1) Only A
 (2) Only A and B
 (3) Only B
 (4) Only A and C
 (5) All A, B and C

Q 02. Why, according to the author, has the Indian Government allotted more funds to strengthen the military forces?
(1) To improve security in order to counter increasing terrorism
(2) As the security in India over the past ten years was grossly inadequate
(3) As the US too has strengthened its military forces after 9/11 attack
(4) As the industry is developed enough and is not in need of any more funds
(5) None of these

Q 03. What is the author’s main objective in writing this passage?
(1) To Exhort the government to garner support from its neighboring countries
(2) To suggest to the government to follow China’s example blindly thereby bringing about rapid development
(3) To highlight the plight of the poor
(4) To discuss the problems of child labour and suggest suitable remedies
(5) To bring forth the problems associated with the India’s development and to suggest measures to counter them.

Q 04. Why, according to the author, is India one of the favourite destinations for investment by outsourcing companies? A. Shorter response time for clients B. Better technical skills C. Availability of cheap labour
(1) Only C
(2) All A, B and C
(3) Only B and C
(4) Only A and B
(5) Only A

Q 05. Which of the following is/are true in the context of the passage?
A. India leads the way in the amount invested in the development of infrastructure
B. Political system in India is not influenced by poverty
C. Indian population would increase by approximately 50% in the next 25 years
(1) Only A and B
(2) Only B
(3) Only C
(4) Only B and C
(5) All A, B and C

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Q 06. Which of the following is/are the facility(ies) available to MNCs investing in India?
A. Easy availability of land
B. Better infrastructure than China
C. Tax Concessions
(1) Only C
(2) All A, B and C
(3) Only A and B
(4) Only A and C
(5) None of these


Q 07. Which of the following, according to the author, is a result of poverty in India?
(1) Lack of a robust security system
(2) Child labour and the resulting dearth of educated youth
(3) Floods, famines and other calamities
(4) Rapid increase in population
(5) None of these


Q 08. How, according to the author can the effects of floods, famines, drought, etc. be minimized?
(1) By limiting pollution thereby reducing the chances of such events taking place
(2) By educating the children about the ill effects of such calamities who in turn will help during the time of need
(3) By following the US system of providing relief to its citizens
(4) By allotting proper funds for research which can predict the outcome of such calamities and thus design relief measures.
(5) None of these


Choose the word/group of words which is most similar in meaning to the word/group of words printed in bold as used in the passage.
Q 09. SURVEILLANCE
(1) Spying
(2) Cameras
(3) Security
(4) Observation
(5) Alertness


Q 10. PREREQUISITE
(1) Result
(2) Association
(3) Necessity
(4) Factor
(5) Mystery


Answers:

  1. (5) 
  2. (1) 
  3. (5) 
  4. (2) 
  5. (3) 
  6. (4) 
  7. (2) 
  8. (4) 
  9. (4) 
  10. (3)






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