Hello and welcome to exampundit. Here is a set of English Quiz for SBI PO Mains 2017 based on the new pattern and the difficulty is above moderate.
Directions for questions 1 to 5: Arrange the sentences A, B, C and D to form a logical sequence between sentences 1 and 6.
1. 1. Making people laugh is tricky.
A. At times, the intended humour may simply not come off.
B. Making people laugh while trying to sell them something is a tougher challenge, since the commercial can fall flat on two grounds.
C. There are many advertisements which do amuse but do not even begin to set the cash registers ringing.
D. Again, it is rarely sufficient for an advertiser simply to amuse the target audience in order to reap the sales benefit.
6. There are indications that in substituting the hardsell for a more entertaining approach, some agencies have rather thrown out the baby with the bath-water.
2. 1. Picture a termite colony, occupying a tall mud hump on an African plain.
A. Hungry predators often invade the colony and unsettle the balance.
B. The colony flourishes only if the proportion of soldiers to workers remains roughly the same, so that the queen and workers can be protected by the soldiers, and the queen and soldiers can be serviced by the workers.
C. But its fortunes are presently restored, because the immobile queen, walled in well below the ground level, lays eggs not only in large enough numbers, but also in the varying proportions required.
D. The hump is alive with worker termites and soldier termites going about their distinct kinds of business.
6. How can we account for a mysterious ability to respond like this to events on the distant surface?
3. 1. According to recent research, the critical period for developing language skills is between the age of three and five years.
A. The read-to child already has a large vocabulary and a sense of grammar and sentence structure.
B. Children who are read to in these years have a far better chance of reading well in school, indeed, of doing well in all their subjects.
C. And the reason is actually quite simple.
D. This correlation is far and away the highest yet found between home influences and school success.
6. Their comprehension of language is therefore very high.
4. 1. High-powered outboard motors were considered to be one of the major threats to the survival of the Beluga whales.
A. With these, hunters could approach Belugas within hunting range and profit from its inner skin and blubber.
B. To escape an approaching motor, Belugas have learnt to dive to the ocean bottom and stay there for up to 20 min, by which time the confused predator has left.
C. Today, however, even with much more powerful engines, it is difficult to come close, because the whales seem to disappear suddenly just when you thought you had them in your sights.
D. When the first outboard engines arrived in the early 1930s, one came across 4 HP and 8 HP motors.
6. Belugas seem to have used their well-known sensitivity to noise to evolve an ‘avoidance’ strategy to outsmart hunters and their powerful technologies.
5. 1. The reconstruction of history by post-revolutionary science texts involves more than a multiplication of historical misconstructions.
A. Because they aim quickly to acquaint the student with what the contemporary scientific community thinks it knows, textbooks treat the various experiments, concepts, laws and theories of the current normal science as separately and as nearly seriatim as possible.
B. Those misconstructions render revolutions invisible; the arrangement of the still visible material in science texts implies a process that, if it existed, would deny revolutions a function.
C. But when combined with the generally unhistorical air of science writing and with the occasional systematic misconstruction, one impression is likely to follow.
D. As pedagogy, this technique of presentation is unexceptionable.
6. Science has reached its present state by a series of individual discoveries and inventions that, when gathered together, constitute the modern body of technical knowledge.
Directions for Questions 6 to 10: Each of the following questions has a paragraph from which the last sentence has been deleted. From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way:
6. Relations between the factory and the dealer are distant and usually strained as the factory tries to force cars on the dealers to smooth out production. Relations between the dealer and the customer are equally strained because dealers continuously adjust prices — make deals — to adjust demand with supply while maximizing profits. This becomes a system marked by a lack of long-term commitment on either side, which maximizes feelings of mistrust. In order to maximize their bargaining positions, everyone holds back information — the dealer about the product and the consumer about his true desires
(1) As a result, ‘deal making’ becomes rampant, without concern for customer satisfaction.
(2) As a result, inefficiencies creep into the supply chain.
(3) As a result, everyone treats the other as an adversary, rather than as an ally.
(4) As a result, fundamental innovations are becoming scarce in the automobile industry.
(5) As a result, everyone loses in the long run.
7. We can usefully think of theoretical models as maps, which help us navigate unfamiliar territory. The most accurate map that it is possible to construct would be of no practical use whatsoever, for it would be an exact replica, on exactly the same scale, of the place where we were. Good maps pull out the most important features and throw away a huge amount of much less valuable information. Of course, maps can be bad as well as good — witness the attempts by medieval Europe to produce a map of the world. In the same way, a bad theory, no matter how impressive it may seem in principle, does little or nothing to help us understand a problem.
(1) But good theories, just like good maps, are invaluable, even if they are simplified.
(2) But good theories, just like good maps, will never represent unfamiliar concepts in detail.
(3) But good theories, just like good maps, need to balance detail and feasibility of representation.
(4) But good theories, just like good maps, are accurate only at a certain level of abstraction.
(5) But good theories, just like good maps, are useful in the hands of a user who knows their limitations.
8. In the evolving world order, the comparative advantage of the United States lies in its military force. Diplomacy and international law have always been regarded as annoying encumbrances, unless they can be used to advantage against an enemy. Every active player in world affairs professes to seek only peace and to prefer negotiation to violence and coercion.
(1) However, diplomacy has often been used as a mask by nations which intended to use force.
(2) However, when the veil is lifted, we commonly see that diplomacy is understood as a disguise for the rule of force.
(3) However, history has shown that many of these nations do not practice what they profess.
(4) However, history tells us that peace is professed by those who intend to use violence.
(5) However, when unmasked, such nations reveal a penchant for the use of force.
9. I am sometimes attacked for imposing ‘rules’. Nothing could be further from the truth. I hate rules. All I do is report on how consumers react to different stimuli. I may say to a copywriter, “Research shows that commercials with celebrities are below average in persuading people to buy products. Are you sure you want to use a celebrity?” Call that a rule? Or I may say to an art director, “Research suggests that if you set the copy in black type on a white background, more people will read it than if you set it in white type on a black background.”
(1) Guidance based on applied research can hardly qualify as ‘rules’.
(2) Thus, all my so called ‘rules’ are rooted in applied research.
(3) A suggestion perhaps, but scarcely a rule.
(4) Such principles are unavoidable if one wants to be systematic about consumer behaviour.
(5) Fundamentally it is about consumer behaviour — not about celebrities or type settings.
10. Age has a curvilinear relationship with the exploitation of opportunity. Initially, age will increase the likelihood that a person will exploit an entrepreneurial opportunity because people gather much of the knowledge necessary to exploit opportunities over the course of their lives, and because age provides credibility in transmitting that information to others. However, as people become older, their willingness to bear risks declines, their opportunity costs rise, and they become less receptive to new information.
(1) As a result, people transmit more information rather than experiment with new ideas as they reach an advanced age.
(2) As a result, people are reluctant to experiment with new ideas as they reach an advanced age.
(3) As a result, only people with lower opportunity costs exploit opportunity when they reach an advanced age.
(4) As a result, people become reluctant to exploit entrepreneurial opportunities when they reach an advanced age.
(5) As a result, people depend on credibility rather than on novelty as they reach an advanced age.
Answers & Explanations:
1. (3) BADC is the correct answer choice. B connects up well with 1 to introduce the topic: ‘Use of Humour in Advertising’. There are ‘two grounds’ why an ad can be ineffective. ‘At times’ in A and ‘Again’ in D guide the reader to the “two grounds.” B–A–D are, hence, logically connected. 1-B is a good pair because ‘making people laugh’ is qualified further in B.
2. (2) DBAC is the correct answer choice. 1. places focus on a “mud hump” and D describes “the hump is alive ...”. Hence, 1D is a mandatory pair. BA is another mandatory pair. B talks about ‘the proportion of soldiers to workers’ and A talks about ‘unsettling the balance’. A–C–6 are also connected. C talks about ‘restoring of fortunes’ by the ‘queen termite laying eggs on a asrequired basis’ to make up the losses. And 6 wonders at this ‘mysterious ability’ of the queen termite.
3. (4) BDCA is the correct answer choice. ‘these years’ in B connects to ‘three to five years’ in 1. Then ‘this correlation’ in D connects to what is elaborated in B. C then talks about ‘the reason’ for this correlation, which is elaborated in A: ‘a large vocabulary and a sense of grammar and sentence structure,’ and is summed up in 6 as: “comprehension of language is high. Hence, we get 1–BDCA–6.
4. (1) DACB is the correct answer choice. 1 introduces the topic: ‘High-powered outboard motors (OBM) ... threats to ... Beluga whales’. D takes us back to the low-powered ‘first OBMs’ ... in the early 1930s’. ‘With these’ in A refers to the first OBMs’ in D and not to ‘high powered OBMs’ in 1, as the context makes clear later. Hence, A follows D rather than 1. This rules out option (b) and (c). C brings us back to the present, contrasting (‘however’) the ineffectiveness of ‘much more powerful engines’ of today with the effectiveness of ‘the first OBMs’ of the early 1930s. B and 6 then explain the reason for the ineffectiveness of today’s high-powered OBMs: the ‘avoidance strategy’ of the Beluga whales. Hence, 1 – DACB – 6 flows logically as explained above.
5. (1) BADC is the correct answer choice. The paragraph is trying to say that science textbooks and other scientific writings do not present the advance of science in the correct historical perspective and thereby present science as ‘a series of individual discoveries and inventions ... (6)’. ‘Those misconstructions’ in B connects it with 1, leading to BADC as the correct answer choice. B is followed by A, which tells us why science textbooks are arranged as they are and D praises ‘this technique of presentation’ as ‘unexceptionable as pedagogy.’ ‘But’ in C contrasts with D and guides the reader to the incorrect ‘impression that is likely to follow.’ This impression is elaborated in 6.
6. (5) The paragraph stresses on the relationships between the factories, dealers and the consumers. Every entity has certain short-term expectations from each other. This makes these relationships strenuous. This strain leads to feelings of mistrust and lack of commitment. So the longer this continues, the more the chances of everyone succumbing to this vicious trap and they would soon realize that they have sacrificed longterm stability and gain for short-term benefits. Hence Option (5). Option (4) is too specific to industry (at the cost of the other players – dealers and customers), option (2) suffers from the same short-comings together with throwing the technical (unexplained) jargon ‘supply chain’ to us. Option (1) takes into account only 2 players and repeats what is stated in the passage about “dealers adjusting prices and making deals” in the term ‘Deal making’; option (3) seems close but can be eliminated as the word ‘adversary’ is too strong. The passage implies that everyone tries to maximize his benefits, not that they ‘oppose’ one another.
7. (1) The passage heads towards describing the functions that bad / good maps (and therefore theories) serve. Just as a ‘Bad theory’ does not help us understand a problem, a ‘good theory’ is invaluable to us, though it may be simplified. ‘Simplified’ here implies that less valuable information is left out. According to this logic, option (2), (3), (4), get eliminated. Option (5) is close but more negative in tone than required. The word ‘limitation’ here indicates a short coming whereas the passage implies that it is a simplification as it would not be of practical use otherwise.
8. (2) Going with the direction of the passage, the last line is stating ‘now all players “profess” to seek only peace’. Profess means to mask or to pretend. Thus option (2) which talks about the veil being lifted is the most logical statement that completes the passage. More so this also follows from the source of the text.
9. (3) The answer is very direct. With every statement of his, the author seeks to show how foolish those people are who call his advice ‘rules’. After his first statement he has posed the rhetorical question “Call that a rule?” The same should follow after his second “scarcely a rule!”
10. (4) In the first part of the passage, the author seeks to explain why one who is young would exploit an entrepreneurial opportunity. Thus, in the second part of the passage once the “however” is established, evidence will seek to show how older people will be reluctant to exploit entrepreneurial opportunity. Option (2) seems correct but it only gives a general statement that with age, people become reluctant to new ideas. Between option (2) and (4), option (4) goes in continuation with the text as it states that at a mature age, people are unwilling to utilize entrepreneurial opportunities. So option (4) is correct.
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