Hello and welcome to exampundit. Here is a set of English Quiz for SBI PO Mains 2017 based on the new pattern and the difficulty is difficult.
Directions for questions 1 to 4: Each of the following questions has a paragraph from which the last sentence has been deleted. From the given options, choose that one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.
1. The audiences for crosswords and sudoku, understandably, overlap greatly, but there are differences, too. A crossword attracts a more literary person, while sudoku appeals to a keenly logical mind. Some crossword enthusiasts turn up their noses at sudoku because they feel it lacks depth. A good crossword requires vocabulary, knowledge, mental flexibility and sometimes even a sense of humor to complete. It touches numerous areas of life and provides an “Aha!” or two along the way. __________
(1) Sudoku, on the other hand, is just a logical exercise, each one similar to the last.
(2) Sudoku, incidentally, is growing faster in popularity than crosswords, even among the literati.
(3) Sudoku, on the other hand, can be attempted and enjoyed even by children.
(4) Sudoku, however, is not exciting in any sense of the term.
2. Most firms consider expert individuals to be too elitist, temperamental, egocentric, and difficult to work with. Force such people to collaborate on a high-stakes project and they just might come to fisticuffs. Even the very notion of managing such a group seems unimaginable. So most organizations fall into default mode, setting up project teams of people who get along nicely. __________
(1) The result, however, is disastrous
(2) The result is mediocrity.
(3) The result is creation of experts who then become elitist.
(4) Naturally, they drive innovations.
3. Federer’s fifth grand slam win prompted a reporter to ask whether he was the best ever. Federer is certainly not lacking in confidence, but he wasn’t about to proclaim himself the best ever. “The best player of this generation, yes”, he said. “But nowhere close to ever. Just look at the records that some guys have. I’m a minnow.” __________
(1) His win against Agassi, a genius from the previous generation, contradicts that.
(2) Sampras, the king of an earlier generation, was as humble.
(3) He is more than a minnow to his contemporaries.
(4) The difference between ‘the best of this generation’ and ‘the best ever’ is a matter of perception.
4. Thus the end of knowledge and the closing of the frontier that it symbolizes is not a looming crisis at all, but merely one of many embarrassing fits of hubris in civilization’s long industry. In the end, it will pass away and be forgotten. Ours is not the first generation to struggle to understand the organizational laws of the frontier, deceive itself that it has succeeded, and go to its grave having failed. ____________.
(1) One would be wise to be humble.
(2) But we might be the first generation to actually reach the frontier.
(3) But we might be the first generation to deal with the crisis.
(4) However, this time the success is not illusory
Directions for questions 5 to 8: Each question consists of four sentences on a topic. Some sentences are grammatically incorrect or inappropriate. Select the option that indicates the grammatically correct and appropriate sentence(s).
5. A. When virtuoso teams begin their work, individuals are in and group consensus is out.
B. As project progresses, however, the individual stars harness themselves to the product of the group.
C. Sooner or later, the members break through their own egocentrism and become a plurality with single-minded focus on the goal.
D. In short, they morph into a powerful team with a shared identity.
(4) A, C&D
6. A. Large reductions in the ozone layer, which sits about 15-30 km above the Earth, take place each winter over the polar regions, especially the Antarctic, as low temperatures allow the formation of stratospheric clouds that assist chemical reactions breaking down ozone.
B. Industrial chemicals containing chlorine and bromine have been blamed for thinning the layer because they attack the ozone molecules, making them to break apart.
C. Many an offending chemicals have now been banned.
D. It will still take several decades before these substances have disappeared from the atmosphere.
7. A. The balance of power will shift to the East as China and India evolve.
B. Rarely the economic ascent of two still relatively poor nations has been watched with such a mixture of awe, opportunism, and trepidation.
C. Postwar era witnessed economic miracles in Japan and South Korea, but neither was populous enough to power worldwide growth or change the game in a complete spectrum of industries.
D. China and India, by contrast, posses the weight and dynamism to transform the 21st-century global economy.
(1) A, B&C
8. A. People have good reason to care about the welfare of animals.
B. Ever since Enlightenment, their treatment has been seen as a measure of mankind’s humanity.
C. It is no coincidence that William Wilberforce and Sir Thomas Foxwell Buxton, two leaders of the movement to abolish the slave trade, helped found the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals in 1820s.
D. An increasing number of people go further: mankind has a duty not to cause pain to animals that have the capacity to suffer.
Answers & Solutions
1. 1 The passage contrasts crosswords with Sudoku. A crossword touches numerous areas of life and provides a few surprises along the way. So the next sentence needs to talk about Sudoku along these lines. Option (1) which describes Sudoku as "just a logical exercise" (unlike the crossword which touches numerous areas of life) with each one similar to the last (unlike the surprises that a good crossword can provide).
2. 2 Since expert individuals are left out of such groups, the result is most likely to be mediocrity.
3. 3 Option (2) talks about humility which is not talked about in the passage, option (3) is an extension of the concept of being a minnow.
4. 1 The passage has a decidedly negative tone. The author states that just like other generations before it, this generation has also struggled to understand the organizational laws of the frontier, has suffered from unwarranted pride, and has also failed like those before. So only (1) can complete the paragraph by stating the need for humility in front of this failure.
5. 2 The second sentence does not use the article. It should be ‘As a/the project progresses” in sentence C there should be the indefinite article ‘a’ before single-minded which leaves us with option (2) as the correct answer.
6. 3 Sentence B should have “making them break apart”. Sentence C should have “many offending chemicals”.
7. 2 B should be “rarely has …” C should begin with ‘The’.
8. 1 Option B should be “since the Enlightenment. Option C should be “in the 1820’s”
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