Monday, January 09, 2017

Reasoning Ability Quiz 2017 - Puzzle - Input-Output Problems | Set 2 | RBI Assistant Mains


Hello and welcome to exampundit. Here is a set of Reasoning Quiz for upcoming Bank and Insurance Exams.

Directions (Q. 1-3): Read the following information and answer the questions given below

(i) Rajiv, a medical representative (M. R.), has to meet 7 doctors M, N, O, P, Q, R and S on a particular day between 9 am and 4 pm.
(ii) He takes 30 minutes with each doctor and keeps a gap of 25 minutes between two appointments for travel and preparation except after 5th visit, when he takes 50 minutes’ break for lunch, travel and preparation.
(iii) He has to meet doctor M immediately before Q but immediately after R, who is the third doctor to be met.
(iv) ‘S’ does not give time for M.R. before 9.30 am and after 10.30 am. ‘P’ and ‘N’ meet MR between 2 pm and 3.30 pm only.


1. Who among the following is likely to be the first doctor of that day?
(a) S
(b) O
(c) R
(d) Q
(e) None of these


2. At what time is he likely to meet doctor ‘S’?
(a) 9.55 am
(b) 9.30 am
(c) 9 am
(d) Data inadequate
(e) None of these


3. If doctor ‘R’ asks him to visit again 25 minutes after his scheduled seventh visit is over, then at what time can he meet doctor ‘R’?
(a) 3.55 pm
(b) 3.40 pm
(c) 3.25 pm
(d) Data inadequate
(e) None of these


Directions (Q. 4-5): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:
Five friends Gaurav, Ketan, Soha, Ram and Shashank are students of five different disciplines Medical, Engineering, Architecture, Arts, Management and each plays a different musical instrument Sitar, Tabla, Sarod, Guitar and Violin. Suman, a medical student, does not play Sarod or Sitar nor Guitar. Deep is neither a student of Engineering nor Management. Ram, who plays tabla, is an Arts student.Neither Deep nor Akarsh plays Sarod.

4. Who among the following plays Sarod?
(a) Akarsh
(b) Ketan
(c) Deep
(d) Data inadequate
(e) None of these


5. The guitarist is a student of which of the following disciplines?
(a) Engineering
(b) Either Engineering or Management
(c) Architecture
(d) Data inadequate
(e) None of these






Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions :
A word arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule the following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.

Input: 19 out 10 full 18 13 lust evil 5 point 15 appear 23 ice.

Step I: appear 5 19 out 10 full 18 13 lust evil point 15 23 ice.
Step II: appear 5 evil 13 19 out 10 full 18 lust point 15 23 ice.
Step III: appear 5 evil 13 ice 19 out 10 full 18 lust point 15 23.
Step IV: appear 5 evil 13 ice 19 out 23 10 full 18 lust point 15.
Step V: appear 5 evil 13 ice 19 out 23 point 10 full 18 lust 15.
Step VI: appear 5 evil 13 ice 19 out 23 point 10 lust 15 full 18.

Step VI is the last step of the rearrangement. As per rules followed in above steps, find out, in each of the following questions, the appropriate steps for the input given below.

Input: east 17 altitude 31 united 39 food 23 14 in nest 33 come 11 rest.

6. How many steps will be needed to complete the rearrangement ?
(a) Four
(b) Five
(c) Six
(d) Seven
(e) Eight


7. Which step would be the following output ?
'altitude 11 east 17 in 23 united 31 39 food 14 nest 33 come rest'.
(a) Step II
(b) Step III
(c) Step IV
(d) Step V
(e) None of these


8. Which of the following would be at 4th position from the right in step V ?
(a) 14
(b) 39
(c) food
(d) 33
(e) None of these


9. Which of the following represent the position of 'rest' in step IV ?
(a) Seventh from right
(b) Eight from left
(c) First from right
(d) Fifth from right
(e) None of these


10. Which element is fourth to the left of 'food' in step II ?
(a) 31
(b) 23
(c) 17
(d) east
(e) united






Solutions -The machine rearranges one word and one number in each step. First, it rearranges words starting with vowel in alphabetical order, and then it rearranges words starting with a consonant in reverse alphabetical order. For numbers, it first arranged prime numbers in ascending order, then composite numbers in ascending order.
Input : east 17 altitude 31 united 39 foods 23 14 in nest 33 come 11 rest.
Step I : altitude 11 east 17 31 united 39 food 23 14 in nest 33 come rest.
Step II: altitude 11 east 17 in 23 31 united 39 food 14 nest 33 come rest.
Step III: altitude 11 east 17 in 23 united 31 39 food 14 nest 33 come rest.
Step IV: altitude 11 east 17 in 23 united 31 rest 14 39 food nest 33 come.
Step V: altitude 11 east 17 in 23 united 31 rest 14 nest 33 39 food come.
Step VI: altitude 11 east 17 in 23 united 31 rest 14 nest 33 food 39 come.
 




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