Hello and welcome to exampundit . Here are the important Current Affairs from 7th to 12th October, 2016. These are important for the upcoming IBPS PO Mains, IBPS Clerk Mains, NIACL AO Mains and BOM PGDBF 2016 Exams.
ICICI Bank becomes first bank in India to execute banking transaction on blockchain technology
- ICICI Bank, country's largest private sector lender, has become the first bank in the country to complete a banking transaction using block chain technology. This remittance transaction has been completed in partnership with another lender from the Middle East, Emirates NBD.
- ICICI Bank has managed to authenticate remittance transaction messages as well as original international trade documents related to purchase order, invoice, shipping & insurance, among others, electronically on blockchain in real time.
- The usage of block chain technology simplifies the process and drastically reduced time to up to a few minutes as compared to a few days. As the time is reduced the costs also come down significantly.
- Blockchain allows one to change the age old process of maintaining a ledger that can be accessed only by one party and instead it puts in place a distributed ledger that allows a participatory model. In fact, a recent PwC survey had stated that banks and financial institutions are increasingly looking at adopting and implementing the blockchain technology to improve efficiency.
RBI releases report of IWG on Rationalisation of Branch Authorisation Policy
- The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on 6 October 2016 released the Report of the Internal Working Group (IWG) on Rationalisation of Branch Authorisation Policy. The Group is chaired by Lily Vadera, Chief General Manager, Department of Banking Regulation.
- The thrust of the recommendations is to facilitate financial inclusion by ensuring availability of banking services in all centers through low cost delivery channels and mapping the footprints of various banking channels.
Recommendations of the IWG
- In the first phase, the recommendations focus on broadening of the current framework to include all banking outlets which are fixed point locations and bring them on par with branches.
- A banking outlet is defined as a fixed point service delivery unit manned by bank’s staff or its Business Correspondent where services of acceptance of deposits, encashment of cheques/cash withdrawal or lending of money are provided for minimum 4 hours per day for at least five days a week.
- Banks need to open banking outlets to meet the 25 percent norms of opening banking outlets in unbanked rural centres that does not have a CBS-enabled banking outlet of a Scheduled Commercial Bank.
- A part-time banking outlet opened in any Centre will be added to the denominator as well as numerator on pro rata basis for computing the compliance with the norm of opening 25% banking outlets.
- A banking outlet opened in North-Eastern States, Sikkim and in Left-Wing Extremism Affected Districts will be treated as a banking outlet/part-time banking outlet in an unbanked rural centre.
- Grandfathering of MFI/NBFC structures of Small Finance Banks to be provided to facilitate an orderly transformation and to minimize the risk of transition. As regards their existing NBFC/MFI branches, banks will be given a time period of 3 years to close or convert these into banking outlets.
- The Boards of the banks should set internal financial inclusion targets and compile the data to monitor the transactions to ensure that target customers for financial inclusion are getting the banking facilities in unbanked rural centres.
- In the second phase, a new data system will be devised which is capable of capturing the locations and transactions carried out by all banking outlets.
Fadnavis inaugurates India’s first International Arbitration Centre in Mumbai
- Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis on 8 October 2016 inaugurated India’s first centre for international arbitration in Mumbai. Inaugurating the Mumbai Centre for International Arbitration (MCIA), Fadnavis said that India will leave its benchmark worldwide in business dispute redressal with the setting up of international arbitration centre in Mumbai.
- The Mumbai Centre for International Arbitration (MCIA) is located in Express towers, Nariman Point. It is being headed by CEO Madhukeshwar Desai.
- The MCIA will be governed by a 17-member governing council.
- The Arbitration Centre is in sync with the Prime Minister's Make in India campaign.
- The Centre would provide a time bound and cost-effective facility and reinforce investor confidence.
- MCIA will be helpful in development of the proposed International Financial Services Centre (IFSC) in Mumbai. The state government has plans to develop IFSC in BKC.
- It will feature arbitration rules that reflect international best practices.
- The MCIA Council for Arbitration will have some of the leading arbitration practitioners from India and around the world.
- It will be a catalyst for business and investment into India.
Pranab Mukherjee inaugurates first World Sustainable Development Summit
- President Pranab Mukherjee on 6 October 2016 inaugurated the first edition of the World Sustainable Development Summit (WSDS) in New Delhi.
- The theme for the summit is Beyond 2015: People, Planet and Progress. The summit is being organized by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI).
- The World Sustainable Development Summit has evolved from the Delhi Sustainable Development Summit, the annual event of TERI.
- The WSDS brings together Nobel laureates, political leaders, decision-makers from bilateral and multilateral institutions, among others, to deliberate on issues related to sustainable development.
- It aims to provide long-term solutions for the benefit of the global community by assembling the various stakeholders on a single platform.
Freecharge appoints Karthik Rajeshwaran as Director of Strategy
- Snapdeal-owned digital payments platform Freecharge has appointed Karthik Rajeshwaran, former global head of marketing at Obi Mobiles, as its new director of strategy.
- Rajeshwaran's appointment will help Freecharge build more consumer-centric features and products with understanding of what digital customers want. Moreover, his understanding of the consumer landscape in India could help Freecharge shape its services in the future.
- Prior to heading marketing at Obi, he worked at retail giant Unilever where he kicked off his career. Rajan too is a veteran from Unilever who then moved on to telecom giant Airtel to build its payment service Airtel Money before coming to Freecharge.
Abdelilah Bekirane appointed for another term as PM of Morocco
- Abdelilah Bekirane, leader of Morocco's Islamic Justice and Development Party (PJD), was appointed as country's Prime Minister on 10 October 2016. This will be his second term as Prime Minister of Morocco.
- Mohammed VI, the king of Morocco, made the announcement after Benkirane's PJD party emerged with the most number of seats in the 395-seat lower house of parliament.
- In the election held on 7 October 2016, the PJD party, which has been running a coalition government since 2011, won 125 seats. The opposition Authenticity and Modernity Party came second with 102 seats. The country’s oldest party Istiqlal (Independence) Party stood third with 46 seats.
PV Sindhu appointed as Brand Ambassador of Vizag Steel
- Badminton champion and Rio silver medallist P V Sindhu was on 8 October 2016 appointed as the Brand Ambassador of Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited which is also popularly known as Vizag Steel.
- The company will have its brand logo on Sindhu's playing jersey in international and domestic tournaments under the aegis of Badminton World Federation and Badminton Association of India.
- The deal was facilitated by Baseline, a sports marketing and a brand licensing firm.
- Sindhu, currently amongst the top 10 ranked players in the world, became the first Indian female athlete to win an Olympic silver medal at Rio Olympics 2016. She is also the first athlete to win back-to-back medals at the World Badminton Championships.
Indian-origin barrister Shami Chakrabarti appointed to UK shadow cabinet
- Jeremy Corbyn, Leader of the Labour Party and Leader of the Opposition, on 7 October 2016 appointed Indian-origin barrister Shami Chakrabarti to the UK’s shadow cabinet.
- Baroness Chakrabarti’s appointment as a member of the Lords was met with criticism from prominent Jews and Labour MPs.
- Corbyn also handed a major promotion to his long-time ally Diane Abbott, making her shadow home secretary.
- Other appointees include Sir Keir Starmer, who has been invited back as shadow Brexit secretary.
Luo Zhaohui appointed as China's Ambassador to India
- Luo Zhaohui was on 8 October 2016 appointed as China's Ambassador to India, in accordance with a decision of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, the top legislature of China.
- His appointment was approved by Chinese President Xi Jinping. He succeeds former Chinese Ambassador to India Le Yucheng, who left the position in April 2016.
BVR Mohan Reddy appointed as Honorary Consul of Germany in Hyderabad
- BVR Mohan Reddy, Founder and Executive Chairman of Cyient Ltd, was on 5 October 2016 appointed as the Honorary Consul of Germany in Hyderabad. His appointment was announced by German Ambassador to India Martin Ney.
- As a Honorary Consul, Mohan Reddy will work towards further strengthening the collaboration between the two nations; promoting culture, industry and commerce, facilitating investments, educational exchange and enhancing goodwill.
- The office of the Honorary Consul will also provide limited consular assistance in the state of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana and support the German citizens within the two states.
Awards & Honors –
Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos wins 2016 Nobel Peace Prize
- The 2016 Nobel Peace Prize was on 7 October 2016 awarded to Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos for his resolute efforts to bring the country's more than 50-year-long civil war to an end, a war that took away the lives of at least 220000 Colombians and displaced nearly six million people.
- The civil war in Colombia is one of the longest civil wars in modern times and the sole remaining armed conflict in the Americas.
Oliver Hart, Bengt Holmstrom win 2016 Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences
- Oliver Hart and Bengt Holmstrom were on 10 October 2016 awarded the 2016 Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel for their contributions to contract theory.
- They have developed a contract theory, a comprehensive framework for analysing many diverse issues in contractual design, like performance-based pay for top executives, deductibles and co-pays in insurance and the privatisation of public-sector activities.
- The new theoretical tools created by Hart and Holmstrom are valuable to the understanding of real-life contracts and institutions, as well as potential pitfalls in contract design.
Sprinter Srabani Nanda wins 24th Ekalabya Award
- Sprinter Srabani Nanda on 8 October 2016 won the 24th Ekalabya Award for the year 2016 in recognition of her sporting excellence. With this, she will get a cash price of 5 lakh rupees along with a citation at the Ekalabya Award function.
- Athlete Dutee Chand won the award in the year 2015.
Pawan Chamling honoured with Sustainable Development Leadership Award
- Pawan Chamling, the Chief Minister of Sikkim, on 6 October 2016 was conferred the prestigious 2016 Sustainable Development Leadership Award.
- President Pranab Mukherjee presented the award to Chamling during the World Sustainable Development Summit organized by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) in New Delhi.
- The award was presented to Chamling in recognition of his vision and leadership in environment and sustainable development leading to the establishment of Sikkim as the first and only organic state in the country.
Initiatives taken by Pawan Chamling
- Sikkim is known as the Land of Flower and holds a population of around six lakhs.
- Around 75000 hectares of land has been converted into certified organic farms over the years following the guidelines as prescribed by National Programme for Organic Production.
- Sikkim contributes around 80000 million tonnes organic production out of total 1.24 million tonnes of organic production recorded in India.
- On the initiative of Chamling, a historic declaration was made through a Resolution in the Sikkim Legislative Assembly on 24 February 2003 for transforming Sikkim into a Total Organic State.
- The Sikkim State Organic Board was constituted on 16 September 2003 for outlining policy issues and strategic plans, as well as developing standards and regulations.
International Day of the Girl Child 2016 observed across the world
- The 2016 International Day of the Girl Child (IDGC) was observed across the world on 11 October 2016 with the theme Girls' Progress = Goals' Progress: What Counts for Girls.
- The theme for the 2016 IDGC asks for a call for action for increased investment in collecting and analyzing girl-focused, girl-relevant and sex-disaggregated data.
World Mental Health Day observed with theme Psychological First Aid
- World Mental Health Day was observed on 10 October 2016 with theme ‘Psychological First Aid’. The day is annually observed with an aim to raise awareness about mental health issues around the world and mobilising efforts in support of mental health.
- The year’s theme focuses on basic pragmatic psychological support by people who find themselves in a helping role whether they are health staff, teachers, firemen, community workers, or police officers.
- Union Health Minister launched National Mental Health Policy of India
- The day was first observed in 1992 at the initiative of the World Federation for Mental Health, a global mental health organization with members and contacts in more than 150 countries.
World Post Day 2016 observed with theme Innovation, Integration and Inclusion
- World Post Day 2016 was on 9 October 2016 observed across the world with the theme Innovation, Integration and Inclusion.
- The purpose of World Post Day is to bring awareness to the Post's role in the everyday lives of people and businesses, as well as its contribution to global social and economic development.
- World Post Day is celebrated each year on 9 October, the date of anniversary of the establishment of the Universal Postal Union (UPU) in 1874 in the Swiss Capital, Bern.
84th Air Force Day observed across India
- The Air Force Day 2016 was on 8 October 2016 observed across India. This is the 84th celebration of the Day that began in 1932.
- On this day, the most renowned aerobatics display teams, Red Arrows of the Royal Air Force (RAF), enthralled audience at Indian Air Force Day celebrations in New Delhi. They flew Hawk jets, which are single-engine advanced trainer aircraft.
- Besides, the Indian Air Force air displayed various aircrafts at Air Force Station Hindan in Uttar Pradesh.
IGIA's T3 becomes first Platinum rated green airport terminal building in India
- Delhi International Airport Limited (DIAL) announced on 6 October 2016 that the Terminal 3 of Indira Gandhi International Airport (IGIA) achieved Platinum rating from Indian Green Building Council (IGBC).
- The plaque and certificate for the achievement was handed over by IGBC to Douglas Webster, COO-DIAL and Roy Sebastian, VP- Project and Engineering, during the 14th Green Building Congress, 2016 organized by IGBC in Mumbai.
- With this, the state-of-the-art Terminal 3 of IGIA has become the first Platinum rated green terminal building under Green Existing Building O&M Rating System by IGBC. This is another significant environmental achievement by IGIA, after being accredited as the first Carbon Neutral airport in Asia Pacific recently by Airports Council International (ACI).
India to host Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction
- India will host the Asian Ministerial Conference for Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) from 3 November to 5 November 2016.
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate the conference that will be held in New Delhi in collaboration with the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR).
- The Conference will focus on partnership with governments and stakeholders to imbibe the practices in the region’s development narrative.
- It will be the first AMCDRR after the introduction of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRRR), adopted at the third UN World Conference in Sendai, Japan in March 2015. It will set the direction of Sendai Framework implementation in the region.
Andy Murray wins 2016 China Open Men's Singles
- Andy Murray on 9 October 2016 won the 2016 China Open Men's Singles title at the National Tennis Center in Beijing, China.
- World Number two Murray defeated Grigor Dimitrov by 6–4, 7–6.
Agnieszka Radwanska wins 2016 China Open Women's Singles
- Poland’s Agnieszka Radwanska on 9 October 2016 won the 2016 China Open Women's Singles at the National Tennis Center in Beijing, China.
- Radwanska defeated Johanna Konta 6-4, 6-2 to grab the title.
Shooter Jitu Rai bags silver at World Cup in Italy
- Indian shooter Jitu Rai on 6 October 2016 clinched a silver medal in the 50 meter pistol event of the ISSF World Cup Final at Bologna, Italy. Jitu, 29, shot a score of 188.8 to finish behind China's Wei Pang at 190.6. Italy's Giuseppe Giordano settled for the bronze.
- In the process, Jitu also equalled his own national record score in the qualification round, which was shot in 2014 at Maribor World Cup.
- Jitu, who was counted as India's best shooting medal hope in Rio but had failed to deliver, had earlier won a Silver medal at the ISSF World Cup in Baku, Azerbaijan in the 10m Air Pistol event. In 2016 Rio Olympics he finished at the eighth position in the men’s 10 meter pistol final.
IMF releases World Economic Outlook; Sees subdued Global Growth
- The International Monetary Fund on 4 October 2016 released World Economic Outlook (WEO) October 2016. The report projects global growth at 3.1 per cent in 2016, with slight increase to 3.4 percent in 2017.
- It says that the persistent stagnation, particularly in advanced economies, could further fuel anti-trade sentiment, stifling growth.
- Growth in emerging Asia, and especially India, continues to be resilient. India’s gross domestic product is projected to expand 7.6 percent in 2016 and 2017, the fastest pace among the world’s major economies. The IMF urged India to continue reform of its tax system and eliminate subsidies to provide more resources for investments in infrastructure, education, and health care.
US lifts economic sanctions on Myanmar
- The U.S. on 7 October 2016 lifted sanctions against Myanmar that have been in place for nearly two decades.
- The move came after President Barack Obama’s announcement that the US was ready to lift sanctions on the Asian country during Myanmar State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi’s visit to Washington in September 2016.
- As a result of Obama’s announcement, the Treasury Department stated that the economic and financial sanctions administered by the Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control were no longer in effect.
Theatre legend Heisnam Kanhailal passes away
- Manipur-based theatre legend Heisnam Kanhailal passed away on 6 October 2016 following a brief illness in Imphal. He was 75.
- Kanhailal had contributed to the field of experimental theatre for more than 40 years.