Hello and welcome to exampundit . Here is the essay on "Responsibility of the citizen on the Farmers of India" which is aced by Sourav.
India is an agrarian economy, which means, Agriculture is the pre-dominant sector of the Indian economy. In spite of the Indian economy opening out to the world and globalization, close to 65-70% of the population still depends on agriculture for its livelihood.
Due to the Green Revolution, India is now self-sufficient in food production, gone are the days when India had to import even food grains for daily consumption. Indian agriculture has been making technological advancement as well. Today, a visit to the villages will reveal that more and more farmers are adopting mechanization for their farming, there is an overall improvement in the agricultural trends in India.
Does that mean everything is looking bright for Indian agriculture? A superficial analysis of the above points would tempt one to say yes, but the truth is far from it. Behind all the growth and development lies the reality that Indian farmers have to face - extreme poverty and financial crisis driving them to suicides. The statics of the deaths are so high that there is nothing personal or moving left in them. Is it not shameful to our country? To understand this, one should analyze the agricultural set up in India.
There is some Problems of Indian agriculture discussed below-
- Agriculture is unorganized activity today
- Indian agriculture is predominantly dependant on nature.
- India has witnessed a spate of droughts over the last decade. The worst affected being the cotton farmers of the state of Maharashtra.
- The farmers normally resort to borrowing from money lenders, in the absence of institutionalized finance.
- Majority of the farmers in India own as little as 2 acres of land, cultivation on such small sized lands is not effective.
What then needs to be done to prevent this sad state of affairs? There cannot be one single solution to end the woes of farmers. Giving monetary relief is not an effective solution. Here are some solutions that could help in improving the state of the farmers:
- The dependency of agriculture on nature should be reduced. This calls for effective management of water during seasons of good monsoons.
- Making institutional finance available to every farmer is another important solution to save to the farmers from debt traps of money lenders.
- Small farmers should be encouraged to develop alternative sources of income and the government should take up the responsibility of providing training to the farmers to acquire new skills.
The sacrifice of our beloved leaders will be found worthy only if the poor condition of farmers is improved to get the respect from the society. Being a citizen of this great country, we all should come forward and help poor farmers. So, the interest of the farmers should be enlightened at all situations to make them a respectable citizen of a country. If India has to shine, it is these farmers that need to be empowered.
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