Hello and welcome to exampundit. Here is a set of English Quiz for the upcoming UIIC AO Exam 2016.
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Directions (Q. 1-10): In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.
Around the world, forests are being ______(1) at a rate of about thirteen million hectares a year and deforestation accounts for an estimated 17%-20% of all global emissions. In addition, forests and other terrestrial carbon sinks play a ______(2) role in preventing runaway climate change, soaking up a full 2.6 Gt of atmospheric carbon every year. The destruction of forests, therefore, not only emits carbon—a staggering 1.6 Gt a year, which severely ______(3) forests’ capacity to absorb emissions from other sources—but also drastically ______(4) the amount of forested land available to act as a carbon sink in the future. However, the effects of deforestation extend beyond carbon. Rainforests ______(5) a wide variety of ecosystems services, from regulating rainfall to purifying groundwater and keeping fertile soil from ______(6); deforestation in one area can seriously damage food production and ______(7) to clean water in an entire region. The value of global ecosystem services has been estimated at 33 trillion USD each year ______(almost half of global GDP), but these services have been taken for granted without a mechanism to make the market reflect their value. Rainforests are also a home and ______(8) of income for a huge number of people in Africa, Asia, and South America. ______(9) this, economic pressures frequently drive both local communities and national governments in the developing world to ______(10) these forests in ways that are unsustainable, clear-cutting vast areas for fuel, timber, mining, or agricultural land.
1. 1) ended 2) destroyed 3) extinct 4) killed 5) wasted
2. 1) tough 2) important 3) vital 4) biggest 5) effective
3. 1) affects 2) diminishes 3) increases 4) alternates 5) impairs
4. 1) plagues 2) develops 3) reduces 4) shortens 5) influences
5. 1) sell 2) offer 3) give 4) provide 5) earns
6. 1) transforming 2) decoding 3) erupting 4) draining 5) eroding
7. 1) handiness 2) excess 3) availability 4) access 5) supply
8. 1) beginning 2) source 3) ways 4) reference 5) measure
9. 1) Despite 2) Also 3) Inspite 4) Apart 5) Beside
10. 1) exploit 2) encompass 3) nurture 4) work 5) improve