Hello and welcome to ExamPundit. Here are the important Current Affairs of 6 April, 2016. These are important for the upcoming SBI Clerk and NABARD Assistant Manager exam 2016.
ShopClues signs MoU with NMDFC to support e-Karobar initiative
- Delhi-based e-commerce marketplace, ShopClues, announced that it had signed an MoU with National Minorities Development and Finance Corporation (NMDFC), to support its e-Karobar initiative.
- The initiative tries to increase the market for artisans and craftsmen belonging to the minority community.
- Shopclues will turn training and technology partner for NMDFC.
- The e-commerce company will train artisans on merchandising, quality management and packaging through classrooms that will be conducted either on the phone or through video conferencing.
- In addition, the products made by NMDFC beneficiaries will get a separate page "E-Karobar" on the marketplace.
Cabinet approves India-Sweden MoU on railways
- The government on Wednesday approved a memorandum of understanding (MoU) signed between India and Sweden on technical cooperation in the railway sector.
- The MoU was approved by the Union Cabinet, which met here under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
- According to the statement, the MoU will enable technical cooperation in railways policy development, regulations and exchange of knowledge.
- In addition, the MoU entails cooperation in areas such as, freight operations in cold regions, capacity allocation and optimisation of maintenance.
Madhukar Gupta committee constituted to suggest ways to strengthen security along Indo-Pak border
- The Union Government on 5 April 2016 constituted a high-level committee to suggest ways to strengthen the border protection along the border with Pakistan. It will also address the issue of gaps and vulnerability in border fencing along Indo-Pakistan border.
- The committee will be headed by former Home Secretary Madhukar Gupta and will submit its report in three months.
- The mandate of the committee is to study all types of gaps in fencing and all other vulnerabilities in the International Border on Indo-Pakistan Border. It will suggest comprehensive approach to fix the gaps in fencing and other vulnerabilities on interim and permanent basis.
- The government's move comes three months after terrorists belonging to Pakistan-based terror group Jaish-e-Mohammed had breached the Indo-Pak border in Punjab and attacked the Pathankot airbase killing seven security personnel.
Anandiben Patel launches 'Maa Annapurna Yojna'
- Gujarat Chief Minister Anandiben Patel on Wednesday officially launched the state-wide implementation of National Food Security Act, which has been renamed as 'Maa Annapurna Yojna (Scheme)' by the state government.
- Though the Food Security Act was passed during the UPA regime at the Centre, Patel, in her speech at a grand launching function at Sanathal village near here, did not mention anything about the Act and sought to give all credit to Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who according to Patel, envisioned the scheme.
Bihar imposed complete ban on alcohol sales
- The Bihar Government on 5 April 2016 decided to impose a total ban on alcohol in towns and cities.
- The decision to ban sale and consumption of India Made Foreign Liquor (IMFL) in municipal and town council areas with immediate effect was taken at a Cabinet meeting.
- No licence will be granted for sale and consumption of alcohol in places such as hotels, club and bars in towns and cities with immediate effect. However, the Army cantonment areas will be out of it as they regulated the sale and consumption of alcohol in their own way.
Indian scientists developed eco-friendly nanotechnology for water purification
- The Scientists team from the Institute of Advance Study in Science and Technology (IASST), Guwahati in Assam developed an eco-friendly nanotechnology for water-softening applications.
- The report was published online on 30 March 2016 in the joural Nanoscale and the authors are Upama Baruah and Achyut Konwar of IASST
- The green technology is the first of its kind with potential to act as a biodegradable and green material for water-softening applications
- It can be used in civic water treatment plants for generating potable water.
- The technology is basically a biopolymer, which uses a naturally occurring substance called Chitosan.
C P Gurnani appointed chairman of Nasscom
- National Association of Software and Services Companies (Nasscom) on Wednesday announced the appointment of CP Gurnani as its chairman for 2016-17.
- He will take the new role as chairman of Nasscom effective from Wednesday. He will succeeds B V R Mohan Reddy, who served as chairman of Nasscom for the previous finacial year.
- Gurnani is part of Nasscom's Executive Council and is the managing director and chief executive officer of Tech Mahindra. As chairman of the Executive Council he will lead and assist Nasscom in catalysing the growth of the Indian technology and services industry and enabling the fulfillment of its future goals and aspirations, the industry body said in a statement.
SIPRI released Trends in world military expenditure, 2015 report
- The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) on 5 April 2016 released Trends in world military expenditure, 2015 report.
- As per the report, while the USA remained as world’s biggest spender in 2015, India moved up one spot in the global rankings to reach the sixth position in terms of military expenditure.
Highlights of Trends in world military expenditure, 2015
- World military expenditure totalled almost 1.7 trillion US dollars in 2015, an increase of 1 per cent in real terms from 2014. This was the first increase in military spending since 2011.
- The increase reflects continuing growth in Asia and Oceania, Central and Eastern Europe and some Middle Eastern states.
- At the same time, spending decreased in Africa, and Latin America and the Caribbean. Thus, the global military expenditure picture is mixed.
- The United States remained by far the world’s biggest spender in 2015, despite its expenditure falling by 2.4 per cent to 596 billion US dollars.
- India moved up one spot in the global rankings to reach the sixth position in 2015 for military spending.
- India had 3.1 percent share of world military expenditure of the 15 states with the highest spending in 2015.
- India’s military spending in 2015 was 51.3 billion US dollars or 2.5 percent of national GDP. It was an increase of 0.4 percent compared to 2014.
International Conference on Zero held in Paris
- International Conference on Zero was held at UNESCO headquarters in Paris, France from 4 April – 5 April 2016. It was hosted by the permanent delegation of India to UNESCO along with Pierre and Marie Curie University.
- The inauguration of the Conference was held at Pierre and Marie Curie University on 4 April 2016 while all other sessions were held at UNESCO headquarters.
- The International Conference will share the rich and remarkable history of mathematics, through the participation of some brilliant minds, resonating with the UNESCO's mandate to advance, transfer and share knowledge for the greater global good.
- The bronze statue of the great Indian mathematician and astronomer Aryabhata who is the living symbol of ancient wisdom was unveiled by the Union Minister at the UNESCO headquarters.
UNESCO adopted two new recommendations on Education and Training
- UNESCO’s General Conference President Stanley Mutumba Simataa and UNESCO’s Director-General Irina Bokova on 4 April 2016 signed two new recommendations on Education and Training that reflect new global trends and support the Education 2030 Framework for Action at UNESCO Headquarters inParis.
- The two recommendations are Recommendation on Adult Learning and Education (ALE) and the Recommendation concerning Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET).
Salient Features of the two Recommendations
- The revision of these key international instruments responds to the request of Member States to adapt them to reflect new educational, social, economic, cultural and political trends.
- The Recommendations were enthusiastically adopted by Member States at the 38th session of the General Conference held in Paris, in November 2015.
China launched SJ-10 retrievable space science probe
- China on 6 April 2016 successfully launched a bullet-shaped retrievable scientific research satellite SJ-10 (Shijian-10). The satellite was launched aboard Long March 2-D rocket from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre in northwestern China's Gobi desert.
- The satellite was launched with an aim to help scientists in their study of microgravity and space life science.
- It is the second of four scientific satellites under a CAS space program. Unlike the other three, SJ-10 is returnable. SJ-10 is the 25th such retrievable satellite launched by China in the past decades.
International Day of Sport for Development and Peace 2016 observed
- The International Day of Sport for Development and Peace (IDSDP) 2016 was observed across the world on 6 April 2016.
- On the occasion of the IDSDP 2016, the United Nations Office on Sport for Development and Peace (UNOSDP) launched a campaign Let’s play for Sustainable Development Goals.
- The campaign seeks to encourage organisations and individuals who carry out SDP initiatives to take a picture or a short video of their team or beneficiaries with a SDG card that best describes their activity.
Myneni Hari Prasad Rao, Architect of Madras Atomic Power Station, died
- Myneni Hari Prasad Rao, considered the Father or Architect of the Madras Atomic Power Station (MAPS), died on 5 April 2016 in Chennai due to old age ailments. He was 88.
- Born on 21 July 1927 in Edlalanka village near Avanigadda, Rao had worked as the Executive Director of the Nuclear Power Board (now known as NPCIL) of DAE, Mumbai, for three years.
- He had also served for many years as a member of Southern, Western and Northern Indian Regional electricity boards.
- In 1984, Rao was honoured with the Padma Shri. He was also awarded with the Sanjay Gandhi for contribution in Science and Technology in 1983.