Hello and welcome to ExamPundit. Here is a set of Reasoning Quiz based on Input Output and Puzzle.
Directions (Q. 1–5): Study the following information carefully and
answer the questions given below:
A word and number arrangement
machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following
a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and various
steps of rearrangement.
Input: Demand 23 earning jungle 7 output 59 access 4 summer 64 16
power 31 interest 49.
Step  I: access 7 demand 23 earning jungle output 59 4 summer 64
16 power 31 interest 49.
Step II: access 7 demand 4 23 earning jungle output 59 summer 64
16 power 31 interest 49.
Step III: access 7 demand 4 earning 23 jungle output 59 summer 64
16 power 31 interest 49.
StepIV: access 7 demand 4 earning 23 jungle 16 output 59 summer 64
power 31 interest 49.
StepV: access 7 demand 4 earning 23 jungle 16 interest 31 output
59 summer 64 power 49.
StepVI: access 7 demand 4 earning 23 jungle 16 interest 31 power
49 output 59 summer 64.
Step VI is the last step of
rearrangement. As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in each
of the following questions the appropriate step, for the given input.
Input: ink 17 silent 25 outer june queen 3 81 element 19 time 36
utmost 37 100.
1. Which of the following will be the last step of rearrangement ?
(a) Step IV
(b) Step V
(c) Step VI
(d) Step VII
(e) None of these
2. Which word / number would be at the seventh position from the left
in step IV ?
(a) queen
(b) 36
(c) 17
(d) ink
(e) None of these
3. Which step would be the following output ?
element 3 June 25 ink 17 silent
outer queen 81 19 time 36 utmost 37 100
(a) Step I
(b) Step II
(c) Step III
(d) Step IV
(e) None of these
4. Which of the following element is third to the right of 'silent' in
step V ?
(a) 81
(b) utmost
(c) 37
(d) time
(e) None of these
5. What is the position of 'time' from the right end in the final step
?
(a) fourth
(b) second
(c) third
(d) fifth
(e) None of these
Solutions  The machine rearranges the words
and the numbers in each step. In first step it rearrange word starting with
vowel in alphabetical order followed by a prime number in ascending order. In
2nd step rearranges word starting with a consonant in alphabetical order
followed by the square root of a number in ascending order and so on.
Input : Ink 17 silent 25 outer
June queen 3 81 element 19 time 36 utmost 37 100.
Step I : Element 3 ink 17 silent
25 outer June queen 81 19 time 36 utmost 37 100.
Step II: Element 3 June 25 ink 17
silent outer queen 81 19 time 36 utmost 37 100.
Step III: Element 3 June 25 ink
17 queen 36 silent outer 81 19 time utmost 37 100.
Step IV: Element 3 June 25 ink 17
queen 36 outer 19 silent 81 time utmost 37 100.
Step V: Element 3 June 25 ink 17
queen 36 outer 19 silent 81 utmost 37 time 100.


Directions (Q. 610): Study the following information carefully to
answer the questions given below:
P, Q, R, S, T, V and W are seven
friends who left for seven different destinations—Delhi, Chennai, Hyderabad,
Bangalore, Kolkata, Chandigarh and Jaipur—each one on a different day of the
week. R left for Jaipur on Monday. On the last day of the week the person left
for Bangalore. T left the next day of P, who left for Chandigarh and on the
previous day of W. S left for Kolkata on Friday. Q did not leave for either
Hyderabad or Bangalore and W left for Delhi.
6. On which day of the week did Q leave?
(a) Sunday
(b) Saturday
(c) Wednesday
(d) Data inadequate
(e) None of these
7. Who left for Bangalore?
(a) T
(b) P
(c) V
(d) Data inadequate
(e) None of these
8. On which day of the week did T leave?
(a) Tuesday
(b) Thursday
(c) Sunday
(d) Wednesday
(e) None of these
9. Which of the following combinations of personplace is not correct?
(a) R—Jaipur
(b) P—Chandigarh
(c) T—Hyderabad
(d) V—Bangalore
(e) All are correct
10. Who left on Tuesday?
(a) P
(b) W
(c) Q
(d) V
(e) None of these
Solutions  Here, seven friends are: P, Q, R,
S, T, V and W Seven destinations are: Delhi, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bangalore,
Kolkata, Chandigarh and Jaipur. Let us proceed with the following direct
information: R — Jaipur—Monday; Bangalore—Saturday; P — Chandigarh; S — Kolkata
— Friday; W — Delhi
With the help of above
information we get the following table:
Let us use indirect information.
Since Q did not leave for either Hyderabad or Banglore, the above table helps
us conclude that Q left for Chennai. Now, T left the next day of P’s departure
and on previous day of W’s. According to the above table, P and W did not
depart on Monday, Saturday or Friday. T did not depart on Monday or Friday. Now
P can’t depart on Sunday or Thursday because T did not depart on Monday or
Friday respectively. P can’t departure on Wednesday because W did not
departured on Friday. Hence, by elimination, P left for Chandigarh on Tuesday,
T left for its destination on Wednesday and W left for Delhi on Thursday.
Now look upon table II.
Now, since T left for his
destination on Wednesday, it is obvious that T’s destination is Hyderabad. By
elimination, V is going to Banglore, and Q left for Chennai on Sunday.
Hence, the above information can be summarised as follow:


Regards
Team ExamPundit
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