Reading Comprehension for RBI Assistant - 2


Hello and welcome to ExamPundit. Here is a set of Reading Comprehension for RBI Assistant 2015.


The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) is the best job guarantee scheme of India. the Mahatma Gandhi National rural employment guarantee act is designed to provide job guarantee for at least 100 days in rural parts of the country. Through this scheme , all the adult members ( at least 18 years of age) of family in rural part of the country are given non-skilled work. The Mahatma Gandhi Nationwide Non-urban Career Assurance Act (MGNREGA) is an Indian job guarantee program, presented by regulation on Aug 25, 2005 The program provides a legal guarantee and ensure livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work. MGNREGA act was presented with an aim of helping the buying power of the rural individuals; mainly partial or un-skilled perform to individuals living in rural parts of the country, whether or not they are below the hardship line. About one-third of the predetermined workforce is women. The law was originally known as the Nationwide Non-urban Career Assurance Act (or NREGA) but was relabelled in 2009. In the year of 2011, the program was commonly criticized as no more effective than other hardship decrease programs in the country of India. Regardless of its finest objectives, popular MGNREGA is beset with debate about damaged authorities, lack funding as the source of resources, low quality of facilities designed under this program, and random dangerous impact on hardship. The statement of the law provides adequate safeguards to promote its effective management and implementation. The act explicitly mentions the principles and agencies for implementation, list of allowed works, financing pattern, monitoring and evaluation, and most importantly the detailed measures to ensure transparency and accountability. Further the provisions of the law adhere to the principles enunciated in the Constitution of India. The comprehensive assessment of the performance of the law by the constitutional auditor revealed serious lapses arising mainly due to lack of public awareness, mismanagement and institutional incapacity. The CAG also suggests a list of recommendations to the government for corrective measures. The government, however, had also released a collection of reportedly independent researches evaluating the functioning of the act whose results significantly differed from the CAG report. Meanwhile, the social audits in two Indian states highlight the potential of the law if implemented effectively.



1. What's the main objective of MGNREGA ?
(a) To remove unemployment from the country.
(b) To launch an Indian job guarantee program.
(c) To provide employment of the rural unskilled individuals.
(d) To provide a legal guarantee and life time livelihood.
(e) None of these


2. Who is eligible to work under MGNREGA scheme ?
(a) Mainly partial skilled rural individual, only below the hardship line.
(b) Skilled or un-skilled individuals from the Northern part of India.
(c) Both partial and un-skilled individuals from the rural parts of the country.
(d) All of the above.
(e) None of these


3. MGNREGA is a program which provides-
(a) Employment to all rural un-skilled adult members who are not minor.
(b) It ensures at least 3 months and 10 days of guaranteed wage employment.
(c) Employment to those rural individuals, are below than poverty line.
(d) Both A and B
(e) Both B and C


4. What are the corrective measures, recommended by CAG ?
(a) Proper collection of data.
(b) Evaluate the job.
(c) Need to have social audit.
(d) Increase awareness of employment.
(e) None of these


5. Find the correct statement on the basis of the given passage ?
(a) MGNREGA law was originally known as the Nationwide Non-Rural Career Assurance Act.
(b) MGNREGA has the most effective management and implementation.
(c) Rural individual of any age can get employment under this law.
(d) All of the above.
(e) None of these


Direction (Q. 6 -8) : Choose the word which is most nearly the SAME in meaning as the word printed in bold as used in the passage.


6. BESET
(a) Validate (b) Assail (c) Postulate (d) Create (e) Repeat


7. EXPLICITLY
(a) Conform (b) Obligate (c) Reliable (d) Clearly (e) Repulse


8. ADHERE
(a) Comply (b) Articulate (c) Repress (d) Force (e) Invalidate


Direction (Q. 9 -10) : Choose the word which is most OPPOSITE in meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the passage.


9. ENSURE
(a) Hem in (b) Declassify (c) Veto (d) Propound (e) Execute


10. VOLUNTEER
(a) Propose (b) Reliable (c) Surround (d) Postulate (e) Compel



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