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Wednesday, July 29, 2015

Current Affairs Update – 29th July, 2015

Hello and welcome to ExamPundit. Here are the Important Current Affairs of 29th July, 2015. These are important for the upcoming IBPS RRB Exam 2015.

India –

India signed Loan Agreement of $300 Million with ADB for National Urban Health Mission

  • India on 28 July 2015 signed a loan agreement of 300 million US dollars with Asian Development Bank (ADB) for its flagship programme National Urban Health Mission (NUHM). The main of the NUHM is to improve the health status of the country’s urban population.
  • The agreement was signed by Raj Kumar, Joint Secretary, Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance on behalf of India and M. Teresa Kho, Country Director of ADB’s India Resident Mission on behalf of ADB.
  • The loan agreement is titled Supporting National Urban Health Mission and it seeks to reinforce ongoing government efforts under the NUHM to develop health systems in urban areas that can deliver quality health services to the urban poor and vulnerable.
  • Further, it will focus on strengthening primary health care and also promote better coordination between health and urban sectors and opportunities for public-private partnerships.

Key points of NUHM
  • It seeks to cover all 779 cities with a population of above 50000 and all the district and state headquarters (irrespective of the population size)
  • It provides for Mahila Arogya Samitis for promotion of access to improved health care at household level on the lines of Mahila Bachat Gat scheme in Maharashtra
  • It seeks to reduce Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) by 40 percent (in urban areas) and National Urban IMR down to 20 per 1000 live births by 2017
  • It also aims to reduce Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) by 50 percent by 2017

Gujarat becomes first Indian state to make voting compulsory in local body polls

  • Gujarat government issued a notification in Ahmedabad on making voting compulsory for people of the state during elections to local self governing bodies.
  • Incidentally, the bill was introduced when Prime Minister Narendra Modi was Chief Minister of Gujarat.
  • The notification would mean that people have to compulsorily vote from now onwards during elections held for municipal corporations, municipalities, and all village panchayats.
  • The Act has also made provisions to penalise those who fail to vote. However, the notification issued today has not specified what punishment would be meted out to voters who fail to exercise their franchise.

Awards & Honors –

Sanjeev Chaturvedi, Anshu Gupta win Ramon Magsaysay Award

  • The Board of Trustees of the Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation (RMAF) on 29 July 2015 announced the Ramon Magsaysay awardees for the year 2015.
  • Among the five awardees who will be conferred with the so-called Asia’s Nobel Prize, there are two Indians, namely Sanjiv Chaturvedi and Anshu Gupta.
  • The awards will be presented on 31 August 2015 at Manila, Philippines.

List of Awardees
  1. Sanjiv Chaturvedi, India: He was awarded for Emergent Leadership for his exemplary integrity, courage and tenacity in uncompromisingly exposing and painstakingly investigating corruption in public office. He is an Indian Forest Service officer and currently the deputy secretary of All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS). He also served as a Chief Vigilance Officer (CVO) at AIIMS during 2012-14.
  2. Anshu Gupta, India: He was recognized for his creative vision in transforming the culture of giving in India and his enterprising leadership in treating cloth as a sustainable development resource for the poor. He founded Goonj in 1999, which is a non-governmental organisation based in Delhi and works in 21 states across India in disaster relief, humanitarian aid and community development.
  3. Kommaly Chanthavong, Laos: She was recognized for her fearless, indomitable spirit to revive and develop the ancient Laotian art of silk weaving, creating livelihoods for thousands of poor, war-displaced Laotians, and thus preserving the dignity of women and her nation’s priceless silken cultural treasure.
  4. Ligaya Fernando-Amilbangsa, the Philippines: She was recognized for her single-minded crusade in preserving the endangered artistic heritage of southern Philippines, and in creatively propagating a dance form that celebrates and deepens the sense of shared cultural identity among Asians.
  5. Kyaw Thu, Myanmar: He was recognized for his generous compassion in addressing the fundamental needs of both the living and the dead in Myanmar -- regardless of their class or religion -- and his channeling personal fame and privilege to mobilize many others toward serving the greater social good.

Days –

International Tiger Day observed across the world

  • International Tiger Day was observed across the world on 29 July 2015. The day is observed every year since 2010 to promote the protection and expansion of the wild tiger habitats and to gain support through awareness for tiger conservation.
  • In last 100 years, world has lost 97 percent of all wild tigers. The tiger count has fallen from 100000 in 1913 to 3274 in 2013 to 3200 in 2014.
  • Tigers lost 93% of their natural habitat due to the expansion of cities and agriculture by humans. Besides, human-wildlife conflict and climate change also has been responsible for decline in tiger population and loss of habitat.

World Hepatitis Day observed with theme ‘Prevent hepatitis. Act now’

  • World Hepatitis Day was observed across the world on 28 July 2015 with the theme Prevent hepatitis. Act now. The day acts as a significant global platform for raising awareness about hepatitis and influence real change in disease prevention, testing and treatment.
  • The theme highlights the fact that infection through transmission can be prevented through proven and effective interventions. It is important for everyone to be aware of hepatitis and to learn how they can protect themselves from being infected.
  • The observance of the day in 2015 focuses particularly on Hepatitis B and C. These two combined cause approximately 80 percent of all liver cancer deaths and kill close to 1.4 million people every year.

Sports –

Justice Mahajan Committee constituted for Re-drafting National Sports Development Code of India

  • Union Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports on 28 July 2015 constituted a Working Group on re-drafting National Sports Development Code of India (NSDCI). The aim of constituting the working group is to make the NSDCI more relevant from both sports governance and legal angles.
  • The nine-member Working Group will be headed by Justice CK Mahajan (retd.), Former Judge of Delhi High Court.

Obituaries –

Dr. Suniti Solomon, pioneering Indian HIV/AIDS researcher, passed away

  • The pioneering Indian HIV/AIDS researcher Dr. Suniti Solomon died at her residence in Chennai on 28 July 2015. She died due to cancer and was 76.
  • She was the first person in India who documented the nation’s first HIV/AIDS case in 1986 and later set up Y R Gaitonde Centre for AIDS Research and Education (YRG CARE) – the first voluntary testing and counseling center for the disease.
  • In 1986, Dr Solomon, then a microbiologist at Madras Medical College, made headlines for discovering HIV/AIDS cases in six blood samples collected from female sex workers lodged at the government home on Kutchery Road in Mylapore in Chennai.


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