Hello and welcome to ExamPundit. Here are the Important Current Affairs of 11th July, 2015. These are very Important for the upcoming SBI PO Mains and RBI Assistant 2015.
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India, Turkmenistan inked 8 agreements to increase regional cooperation & connectivity
- India and Turkmenistan on 11 July 2015 signed eight agreements/ Memorandum of Understanding (MOUs) to deepen bilateral cooperation between the two nations. They discussed ways to increase regional cooperation and connectivity.
- The agreements were inked during the two-day visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Turkmenistan from 10 July to 11 July 2015. Modi paid an official visit to Turkmenistan at the invitation of the President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov.
List of Agreements/ MOUs signed
- MoU on supply of chemical products between the Indian Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) ‘Rashtriya Chemicals and Fertilizers Limited’ and the Turkmen State concern ‘Turkmenhimiya’
- MoU between the Foreign Service Institute of the Ministry of External Affairs of the Republic of India and the Institute of International Relations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan
- Agreement between the ministry of youth affairs and sports of India and the state committee for sport of Turkmenistan on cooperation in the field of sports
- Programme of cooperation in science and technology between India and Turkmenistan for the period of 2015-2017
- MoU between India and Turkmenistan on cooperation in Yoga and Traditional Medicine
- MoU on cooperation in the field of tourism
- Agreement on cooperation in the field of Defence
India-Pakistan joint statement released at Ufa, Russia
- India and Pakistan on 10 July 2015 issued a Joint Statement (JS) in the Russian city of Ufa after a bilateral meeting between the Prime Ministers Narendra Modi and Nawaz Sharif. The meeting between the two Prime Ministers took place on the sidelines of the BRICS and Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) summits.
- The JS was issued by the Foreign Secretaries of India and Pakistan, S Jaishankar and Aizaz Ahmad Chaudhry.
Text of the Joint Statement issued by the two foreign Secretaries
- The two leaders exchanged views on issues of bilateral and regional interest and condemned terrorism in all its form and agreed to cooperate with each other to eliminate its menace from South Asia
- The two nations agreed to have a collective responsibility to ensure peace and promote development.
Both leaders also agreed on following topics
a) To discuss all issues connected to terrorism, the National Security Advisors (NSAs) of the two countries will meet in New Delhi
b) Early meetings of DG BSF and DG Pakistan Rangers followed by that of DGMOs
c) They agreed to release the fishermen of each other countries, who went into custody along with their boat, within a period of 15 days.
d) Agreed to form a mechanism for facilitating religious terrorism
e) The two leaders agreed to discuss the ways and means to expedite the trial pertaining to 2008 Mumbai attack including additional information like providing voice samples
India to be world's most populous country by 2050
- India today recorded a population of 127,42,39,769, which is growing at a rate of 1.6 per cent a year, and could make the country the most populous in the world by 2050.
- At 5 pm today, the World Population Day, the number of Indians hit 127,42,39,769, and is 17.25 per cent of the global population, as per Jansankhya Sthirata Kosh or National Population Stabilisation Fund (NPSF), an autonomous body under the Union Health Ministry which has raised concerns about over-population related problems, if the rate persists.
- Noting that India’s population was growing at a faster rate than China, which is now the world’s most populous country at around 1.39 billion, an official of the Fund said that the country could become the most populated one by 2050.
- At a function today, Health Minister J P Nadda stressed on the involvement of development partners and NGOs in assisting government to achieve population stabilisation goals.
- According to data from NPSF, the total fertility rate (TFR) in India has seen a decline and stood at 2.3 in 2013 although the decline is not consistent.
- The data suggests that a high percentage of female (21-26 per cent) are married below 18 years of age in states like Rajasthan, Jharkhand and Bihar.
- The population of India, at 1.21 billion as per the 2011 Census, is almost equal to the combined population of USA, Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Japan put together.
- Also, the population of several states match, and in some cases, exceed that of several large countries. For example, the population of Uttar Pradesh is almost that of Brazil, the fifth most populous country in the world.
ISRO successfully launched five British satellites into space
- Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on 10 July 2015 successfully launched five British satellites into space from the first launch pad of the Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikotta.
- These satellites are three identical DMC3 optical earth observation satellites and two auxiliary satellites, viz., CBNT-1 and De-OrbitSail.
- These all satellites, built by Surrey Satellite Technology Limited (SSTL) and weighing 1440-kg, were launched aboard the 13th flight (PSLV-C28) of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV).
- The three DMC3 satellites, each weighing 447 kg was placed into a 647 km Sun-Synchronous Orbit (SSO) using the high-end version of PSLV (PSLV-XL). PSLV-C28 is the ninth flight of PSLV in ‘XL’ configuration.
- These international customer satellites are being launched as part of the arrangement entered into between DMC International Imaging (DMCii), a wholly owned subsidiary of SSTL, UK; and Antrix Corporation Limited (ANTRIX), the commercial arm of ISRO.
Rashtriya Avishkar Abhiyan (RAA) launched by Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam
- Former President of India Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam on 9 July 2015 launched the Rashtriya Avishkar Abhiyan (RAA) in New Delhi. The abhiyan aims to inculcate a spirit of inquiry, creativity and love for Science and Mathematics in school children.
- Rashtriya Avishkar Abhiyan is a concept developed by the Ministry of Human Resource Development.
- Under Rashtriya Avishkar Abhiyan, government schools will be mentored by Institutes like IITs/IIMs/IISERs and other Central Universities and reputed organisations through innovative programmes, student exchanges, demonstrations, student visits, etc to develop a natural sense of passion towards learning of Science and Maths.
- Besides, the Union Minister for Human Resource Development Smriti Irani announced that Phase II of RAA will be launched in January 2016 for higher education under which model science labs will be established in all districts of the North Eastern States.
NASA Picks Sunita Williams for First Commercial Space Vehicles
- Indian-origin Sunita Williams is among four "veteran" astronauts picked by NASA to fly the first commercial space vehicles, a part of the space agency's ambitious plan to put a man on Mars by 2030.
- Williams, 49, accompanied by Robert Behnken, Eric Boe and Douglas Hurley, will train and prepare for commercial spaceflights that will return American launches to the US soil and further open up low-Earth orbit transportation to the private sector.
- The four astronauts will work closely with the Boeing Company and SpaceX to develop their crew transportation systems and provide crew transportation services to and from the International Space Station (ISS), NASA said.
- A veteran of two long-duration spaceflights, Williams spent a total of 322 days in space and currently holds the record for total cumulative spacewalk time by a female astronaut (50 hours and 40 minutes).
- She now ranks sixth on the all-time US endurance list and second all-time for a woman astronaut. NASA chose her for the astronaut programme in 1998.
‘World Population Day’ observed with theme Vulnerable Populations in Emergencies
- World Population Day was observed on 11 July 2015 with theme Vulnerable Populations in Emergencies.
- The theme focuses on the record number of people displaced by crises – some 60 million according to the latest UN figures.
- At present, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) is working around the globe to respond to the rights and needs of women and girls, and help them to maintain their dignity by securing their safety, and restoring their access to sexual and reproductive health care.
- The event was established by the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in 1989, through its decision 89/46. The UNDP in its recommendation for the day asked to focus attention on the urgency and importance of population issues in the context of overall development plans and programmes and the need to find solutions for these issues.
Serena Williams defeats Garbine Muguruza to win Wimbledon Women's Single title
- Serena Williams claimed a sixth Wimbledon title and fourth successive grand slam crown by suppressing the spirited attacking instincts of 20th-seeded Spaniard Garbine Muguruza to win Saturday's final 6-4 6-4.
- American Williams reinforced her stranglehold on the women's game by overcoming an early wobble and resisting a battling fightback to claim a 21st grand slam title that leaves her one behind German Steffi Graf's record haul of professional era majors.
- The world number one was simply too powerful and too consistent for surprise 21-year-old finalist Muguruza, who began with a valiant positive approach but could not maintain her early high level.
- After losing a close first set and battling bravely to come back from 5-1 down in the second, the Spaniard was eventually downed after one hour and 23 minutes of combat, to leave Williams to receive the acclaim of the Centre Court crowd.
- Williams now holds all four majors at the same time -- the so-called 'Serena Slam' -- having also won the U.S., Australian and French Open titles.
Kagiso Rabada became second bowler to claim hat-trick on ODI debut
- South Africa debutant Kagiso Rabada on 10 July 2015 became only the second cricketer in the history of One Day International (ODI) cricket to claim a hat-trick on ODI debut.
- 20-year-old Johannesburg-born fast bowler claimed a hat-trick in only his second over in a one-day international against Bangladesh in Mirpur. He also recorded the best debut figures in an ODI with 6-16.
- His hat-trick helped South Africa (Proteas) to bowl out the hosts for a score of 160, which was chased easily by Proteas, at a loss of 2 wickets and more than 18 overs to spare.
- Bangladesh spinner Taijul Islam was the first debutant to take an ODI hat-trick. He achieved the fete in 2014 at Mirpur.
Lord Bilimoria Appointed As President of UKCISA
- NRI entrepreneur Lord Karan Bilimoria has been appointed as the President of the UK Council for International Student Affairs (UKCISA).
- He will replace Baroness Usha Prashar as she steps down, having served the maximum term of nine years. This is the latest in a string of higher education roles held by him.
- Bilimoria, the founder of Cobra Beer, is also Chancellor of the University of Birmingham, a Member of the Advisory Boards of the Judge Business School at the University of Cambridge as well as the Cranfield School of Management, and was previously Chancellor of Thames Valley University.
- Born in Hyderabad, 53-year-old Bilimoria was the youngest university Chancellor in the UK when he became Chancellor of Thames Valley University, now the University of West London.
Former TN minister Chendur Pandian passes away
- Former Tamil Nadu Minister and AIADMK MLA P Chendur Pandian died here today following a prolonged illness, the party said.
- Pandian (64), representing the Kadayanallur Assembly constituency, was undergoing treatment at a private hospital here and breathed his last this morning, it said.
- He is survived by his wife, two sons, and a daughter.
- Pandian was the minister for Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments till he was admitted to hospital early this year, when it was handed over to his Cabinet colleague R Kamaraj. He was a minister without portfolio since then.
Cricket South Africa mourns Indian-origin cricketer Sam Bulbulia
- The South African cricket fraternity mourned the death of one of its oldest Indian-origin veterans, Abdul Samed Bulbulia, who passed away at the age of 82.
- Popularly known as Sam, Bulbulia represented Transvaal province under the auspices of the South African Cricket Board of Control (SACBOC), when the sport was divided on racial lines through apartheid legislation.
- Bulbulia played as an opening batsman for two decades and was still playing when the Dadabhai Trophy matches were first granted first-class (three-day) status in 1971.
- He was part of the golden era of SACBOC cricket in the 1950s and represented their national side, under the captaincy of Basil d’Oliveira against the Kenyan Asian team that toured South Africa in the 1956/57 season.